ANAT 2626 Midterm Exam - Questions

ANAT 2626 Midterm Exam - Questions -...

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Unformatted text preview: HEAD
&
NECK
MIDTERM
 *About
25%
of
this
test
was
based
on
the
charts
Rhomf
posted
to
blackboard
 (pharyngeal
arches,
cranial
nerves)
 *Make
sure
you
know
the
telephone
chart
for
cranial
nerve
functional
fibers!!
This
 was
key
for
the
test.
Write
it
down
on
your
test
the
minute
he
hands
it
out.
 I
made
this
“fun
facts”
list
before
the
test.
I
highlighted
the
questions/answers
that
 showed
up
on
the
test.

 
 1. Subclavian
artery
on
right
arises
from
brachiocephalic
trunk.
On
LEFT
it
 arises
from
the
aorta.
 2. Facial
ARTERY
courses
DEEP
to
submandibular
gland.
Facial
VEIN
courses
 SUPERFICIAL
to
submandibular
gland.
 3. Digastrics
DO
NOT
attach
to
the
hyoid
bone
 4. Cervical
plexus
is
mostly
SENSORY
 5. Posterior
Digastric
Muscle
=
mostly
innervated
by
FACIAL
nerve.
Anterior
 Digastric
=
mylohyoid
nerve
(branch
of
TRIGEMINAL).
(2
diff
cranial
nerves!)
 6. All
infrahyoid
musclces
=
innervated
by
ansa
cervicalis
(c1‐3)
 7. Subclavian
vein
=
ANTERIOR
to
anterior
scalene.
Subclavian
ARTERY
&
 brachial
plexus
are
POSTERIOR
to
anterior
scalene.

 8. [email protected]on
tongue.
 9. SCM
only
gets
MOTOR
from
spinal
accessory
nerve.
Gets
SENSORY
from
C2,3
 nerve
roots.
 10. Stylopharyngeus
muscle
=
only
skeletal
muscle
to
be
innervated
by
 glossopharyngeal
nerve.
 11. Parotid
gland
=
ONLY
salivary
gland
to
come
from
ECTODERM.
 12. Spinal
accessory
nerve
exits
LATERALLY
not
dorsally.
 13. The
only
unpaired
laryngeal
cartilage
to
be
elastic
is
EPIGLOTTIS.
 14. The
only
laryngeal
cartilage
to
COMPLETELY
surround
the
larynx
is
CRICOID
 cartilage.
 15. The
ONLY
muscle
to
Abduct
the
vocal
ligaments
is
the
posterior
 cricoarytenoid
muscle.
 16. The
ONLY
innervation
to
the
cricothyroid
muscle
is
EXTERNAL
LARYNGEAL.
 17. FALSE
vocal
cords
are
formed
by
the
LOWER
EDGE
of
the
quadrangular
 membrane.
 18. Larynx
comes
from
arches
4,
6
 19. TRUE
vocal
cords
formed
by
UPPER
EDGE
of
CONUS
ELASTICICUS.
 20. Superior
laryngeal
nerve/
internal
laryngeal
nerve
=
SENSORY
to
inner
 larynx
&
everything
ABOVE
the
vestibular
folds.
SVA
fibers.
 21. External
Laryngeal
Nerve
=
MOTOR
to
criopharyngeus
&
cricothyroid
 muscles.
 22. Recurrent
laryngeal
nerve=
sensory
BELOW
vocal
ligaments.
MOTOR
to
rest
 of
laryngeal
muscles.
 23. Constrictor
muscles
are
innervated
by
pharyngeal
plexus
(vagus,
 glossopharyngeal)
 24. Right
recurrent
laryngeal
nerve
loops
around
subclavi[email protected] 25. Left
recurrent
laryngeal
nerve
loops
arch
of
aorta
@
T4‐T5.
 26. Recurrent
laryngeal
nerve
supplies
trachea,
esophagus,
&
all
intrinsic
 laryngeal
muscles
EXCEPT
cricothyroid
muscle!!
 27. Thyroidema
Artery
=
10%
of
people.
Travels
on
anterior
surface
of
thyroid
 and
is
a
possible
source
of
bleeding
in
surgery.
 28. Pharyngeal
nerves
supply
all
muscles
of
the
pharynx
&
soft
palate
EXCEPT
 for
stylopharyngeus
and
tensor
veli
palatini
muscles!
 29. [email protected]bclavian
vein
&
left
internal
 jugular
vein.
 30. Borders
of
the
root
of
the
neck
are:
manubrium,
rib
1,
T1
body.
 31. Phrenic
nerve
runs
anterior
to
anterior
scalene
mucle.
 32. Recurrent
laryngeal
nerve
runs
b/w
trachea
&
thyroid
gland.
 33. Investing
layer
is
continuous
with
the
nuchal
ligament.
 34. Anterior
digastric
muscle
is
from
pharyngeal
arch
1.
 35. Posterior
digastric
muscle
is
from
pharyngeal
arch
2.
 36. Occipital
triangle
has
external
jugular
vein,
spinal
accessory
nerve,
trunks
of
 brachial
plexus,
transverse
cervical
artery.
 37. Parathyroid
glands
are
within
the
occipital
triangle.
 38. Prevertebral
fascia
is
continuous
w/
the
ALL.
 39. Which
arch
produces
the
common
carotid
artery?
Arch
3
 40. Glossopharyngeal
nerve
is
from
arch
3.
Innervates
stylopharyngeus
muscle
 which
is
also
from
arch
3!
 41. Muscles
of
facial
expression
from
which
arch?
2:
facial
nerve
 42. Recurrent
laryngeal
nerve
comes
from
which
arch?
6th.
Intrinsic
laryngeal
 musles.
 43. Levator
veli
palatini
muscle
&
tensor
veli
palatini
muscles
travel
in
the
gap
of
 the
superior
constrictor
muscle.
 44. What
structure
runs
directly
ANTERIOR
to
the
anterior
scalene
muscle?
 PHRENIC
n.

 45. Vertebral
plexus
carries
what
fibers?
GVE,
GVA
 46. Brachial
plexus
comes
out
between
what
2
muscles?
Anterior
&
middle
 scalenes
 47. What
muscle
attaches
to
anterior
tubercles
of
cervicals?
2
do:
anterior
 scalene
&
longus
capitus
 48. Mouth
forms
from
what
embryological
structure?
Stomodium
 49. What
3
nerves
innervate
the
larynx?
External
laryngeal,
internal
laryngeal,
 recurrent
laryngeal
nerves.
 50. Which
artery
crosses
the
angle
of
the
mandible?
Facial
artery.
 51. What
muscle
attaches
to
the
second
rib?
Posterior
scalene
 ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course ANAT 2626 taught by Professor Ronaldg.mayne during the Winter '11 term at Life Chiropractic College West.

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