RSCH 2501 Week 3 Lecture Slides - More Evidence-Based Chiropractic

RSCH 2501 Week 3 Lecture Slides - More Evidence-Based Chiropractic

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RSCH 2501  /  RSCH 4301                     Introduction to Research Methods More  evidence-based  chiropractic: week week
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Week 4: no class (OSCE day) Week 5:   mid-term exam see Course Information   on BlackBoard weeks 1, 2, 3 material  and       “Recent & historical events in    Chiropractic Research”  and         list of terms & definitions
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animal & laboratory research ideas, editorials, opinions case reports, case series case control study cohort study Randomized Controlled Trials Systematic Reviews & Meta-analysis hierarchy of quality of evidence
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animal & laboratory research ideas, editorials, opinions case reports, case series Randomized Controlled Trials
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case control study cohort study Systematic Reviews & Meta-analysis
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        case series Group of Interest Group of Interest usually RETROspective but can be PROspective
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RETRO spective            case control study Group of Interest Control Group Group of Interest Control Group         case series Group of Interest Group of Interest
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RETRO spective            case control study Group of Interest Control Group Group of Interest Control Group Look back to see how lives of Group of Interest are different from people who don’t have a particular problem. Control Group closely matched except for problem of interest.
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Case control study? Maybe…. It’s at least very similar: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19585768 Dunn AS, Passmore SR, Burke J, Chicoine D. A cross- sectional analysis of clinical outcomes following  chiropractic care in veterans with and without post- traumatic stress disorder. Military Medicine 2009. 174(6):  578-83.
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cohort study
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cohort study: PRO spective Control Group Group of Interest Control Group Group of Interest
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cohort study: PRO spective Control Group Group of Interest Control Group Group of Interest Find people with something you want to examine (usually) Match with group similar except for that factor, and follow them over time (usually long-term) Each group is a “cohort”.
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Example of a cohort study without a control group: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12532132 Hayden JA, Mior SA, Verhoef MJ. Evaluation of chiropractic  management of pediatric patients with low back pain: a prospective  cohort study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2003 Jan;26(1):1-8.
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Systematic Reviews & Meta-analysis
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Review = overview   Compare: Narrative review Systematic review Meta-analysis
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