RSCH 2501 Final Exam Review Outline (With Detailed Answers)

RSCH 2501 Final Exam Review Outline (With Detailed Answers)...

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Information for the FINAL EXAM Jerome D. Lubbe Know as much detail as possible. Whenever appropriate, questions will be written in ways that requires comprehension and critical thought more than just memorization. Part 1 : Stuff from BEFORE the mid-term exam .. Validity and Reliability o Validity - The extent to which a variable or intervention measures what it is supposed to measure or accomplishes what it is supposed to accomplish. Internal Validity - Refers to the integrity of the experimental design. External Validity - Refers to the appropriateness by which its results can be applied to non-study patients or populations. Intra and Inter-Examiner Reliability o Intra-Examiner Reliability - The degree that one observer agrees with his or her own repeated measurements. o Inter-Examiner Reliability - The degree that two or more observers agree with each other's measurements of the same thing, event, or behavior. o Sensitivity - The proportion of times a diagnostic procedure is correct in patients with a specific diagnosis. o Specificity - The proportion of times a diagnostic procedure is correct in patients without a specific diagnosis. Part 2: Stuff coming AFTER the mid-term exam ANATOMY OF A RESEARCH ARTICLE What are the purposes and content of the typical sections? Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion Abstract o FUNCTION: to provide an overview of the main story and a few essential details o State the question (or hypothesis) and the overall significance of the research o States what was done to answer the question o States the most important results o States the most important conclusions o “Structured” abstract has sections: Introduction, Results, Methods, Discussion, Conclusions Introduction o What is known about the topic? o What is new and or important – What’s the point of doing this research? o Is there a gap in previous research? Is there controversy? o Usually ends with a specific question or hypothesis. 1
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Methods o Provides details so that the reader can evaluate the work and a trained scientist would be able to replicate work. o Cites references o Overview of the experiment or procedures: o Order and duration of the examination, evaluation, interventions, measurements o Details of definitions, premises, assumptions, preparation, methods, equipment, analysis of data (i.e., pre/post comparison and % change calculation, type of statistics) Results o States what happened. o Shows supportive data in figures or tables. o Reports only results pertinent to the question and include results whether or not they support the hypothesis. Discussion
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RSCH 2501 Final Exam Review Outline (With Detailed Answers)...

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