RADD 2612 Final Review - Comprehensive

RADD 2612 Final Review - Comprehensive - Master Final...

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Master Final Review RADD II Anatomy: Stuff from last quarter Anything that looks like coraco…whatever, know where it is located exactly, i.e. the clavicle, ulnar etc. coracoid process, conoid tubercle coronoid process coracoid fossa Tubercles vs. trochanters – know which is on the femur and which is on the humorous Condyles vs. epicondyles – same as above. Jefferson fracture – most commonly seen from head first dive (but check Y and R to make sure) Jackson fracture Barroom fracture vs. Boxer’s fracture difference Chance, greenstick, colles, and smith differentials. Blocked vertebraes – congenital vs. acquired And what views you use to see on each fracture. All the lines And a few stuff from Radd 1. Remember cervical obliques – C3PO (cervicals posterior are opposites) so if you have a RPO you are looking at the left IVF. A RAO would be a right IVF. In lumbar obliques – LAO (lumbars anterior opposite) – so if you see a question about a scotty dog on the RAO then it will be a left pars break, and left etc. If you have a RPO then you would have a right pars break . Obliques: Right Anterior Oblique (RAO) -R shoulder facing bucky -15 O caudal for R foramen view -R pedicle bar / L pedicle circle -Nameplate: UR/LL -Marker: spinous Left Anterior Oblique (LAO) -L shoulder facing bucky -15 O caudal for L foramen view -L pedicle bar / R pedicle circle -Nameplate: UR/LL -Marker: spinous Right Posterior Oblique (RPO) -R scapula facing bucky -15 O Cephalad for L foramen view -R pedicle circle/ L pedicle bar -Nameplate: UL/LR -Marker: body
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Left Posterior Oblique (LPO) -L scapula against bucky -15 O Cephalad for R foramen view -L pedicle circle / R pedicle bar -Nameplate: UL/LR -Marker: body Scotty Dog Nose: TP Tail: TP Front leg: Inf Art Process Back leg: Spinous Eye: Pedicle Collar: Pars Interarticularis Congenital Anomalies Blocked Vertebra -two or more segments fused together - Acquired : surgical - Congenital: natural Butterfly Vertebra -segment appears to have two separate triangular portions -seen on A-P film -common in lumbar/thoracic area Cervical Rib -separate bone articulating with a cervical vertebra -has jt. Space unlike elongated tp Hemivertebra -triangular deformity of the vertebral body -lateral/dorsal/ventral -causes scoliosis Knife Clasp -spina bifida of the first sacral segment -enlarged spinous of last lumbar protrudes in space of S1 Limbus Bone -small chunk of bone separated from the sup post part of the segment -rounded edges -non-union of secondary growth center Occipitalization -fusion of the atlas with the occipital bone -asymptomatic in young children -“most cephalic” blocked segment -smooth angle
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