RADD 2612 Fractures #1 - FRACTURES CLASSIFICATIONS CLOSED...

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FRACTURES CLASSIFICATIONS: CLOSED VS. OPEN COMMINUTED VS. NON-COMMINUTED Non-communited = two or more separate pieces Communited = two or more separate fragments GENERAL FEATURES: Most commonly affected segments: C1, C2, C5-C7 and T-12-L2 10-14% of spinal fractures or dislocations involve cord injuries COMMON FRACTURES: AVULSION : - Tearing away type of fracture, usually occurs in the lower cervical spine area (discussed with limbus congenital anomaly). Have to look at location of little piece – if it’s anterior part of cerivcals = avulsion fracture, not a limbus - Clay Shoveler’s is an avulsion fx = SP snapped off, usually C5-C7 BAR ROOM (Boards like to compare Bar Room and Boxer’s fractures) -4 th or 5 th metacarpal necks – compare with Boxer’s below BOXER’S: -2 nd or 3 rd metacarpal neck with anterior displacement of the metacarpal head. On boards, like to compare this with Bar Room, which is 4 th and 5 th metacarpals. Think about how the punch would be thrown – a boxer would
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RADD 2612 Fractures #1 - FRACTURES CLASSIFICATIONS CLOSED...

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