RADD 2612 Fractures #2 - FRACTURES CLOSED VS. OPEN Closed:...

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FRACTURES CLOSED VS. OPEN Closed: A closed fracture is a broken bone that does not penetrate the skin. (794) Open: An open fracture is a broken bone that penetrates the skin. (794) COMMINUTED VS. NON-COMMINUTED Comminuted: A fracture in which bone is broken, splintered or crushed into a number of pieces. (794) Non-Comminuted: The fracture has only two fragments. (794) COMMON FRACTURES AVULSION: separated bone fragment from a muscle, tendon or ligament. (795) Example: Clay Shoveler’s: avulsion of a lower cervical segment spinous process; a type of traumatic spinal injury in which a vertebra breaks from a high-energy axial load, with pieces of the vertebra shattering into surrounding tissues and sometimes the spinal canal (822) BAR ROOM: fracture of the 4 th to 5 th metacarpal heads due to punching BOXER’S: Boxer's fracture is the common name for a break in the end of the small finger metacarpal bone. 2 nd or 3 rd metacarpal neck with anterior displacement of metacarpal head. COLLES: A fracture affecting the distal end of the radius and often the ulnar styloid. Because of its close proximity to the wrist joint this injury is often called a wrist fracture. (905) JEFFERSON aka BURST: A Jefferson fracture consists of a fracture of the C1 ring. This
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RADD 2612 Fractures #2 - FRACTURES CLOSED VS. OPEN Closed:...

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