DIAG 2735 Exam Notes (Hematology and Blood Disorders)

DIAG 2735 Exam Notes (Hematology and Blood Disorders) -...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Hematology Leukocytosis: Increased WBC Leukopenia: Decreased WBC Neutrophils : Increase Decrease Neutrophilia Neutropenia Leukocytosis (Inc. WBC) Marrow depression Infection (bacterial) Viral infection Inflammatory disease Autoimmune disorders Hematology case #2. Matina has a history of respiratory infections. She has a lot of activities on her plate “body is worn down” Immune system is compromised. Case #5. Matilda ate sushi—which had bacteria in it. Eosinophils: Increase Decrease Allergic reactioin stress Parasitic infection (roundworm) Cushings Skin disease (psoriasis) Neoplastic disease (abnormal growth of new cells----TUMOR) Look at Hematology Case #1. Rafael is allergic to dairy and has asthma which often arises from allergies Basophils : Increase decrease CML Ulcerative colitis (chronic Inflammation) LEAST COMMON GRANULOCYTE Chronic Hypersensitivity (allergy) Example of Chronic Hypersensitivity: if the patient is sensitive to dairy but drinks milk everyday, eventually eosinophils will not react, basophils will take over. LYMPHOCYTES Increase Decrease Viral infection Defective lymph circulation Autoimmune disorders High corticosteroid levels MONO (viral infect. Caused by epstien bar Lymphatic leukemia Monocytes Increase Decrease Subacute bacterial endocarditis Disseminated TB (spreads around body bones and other areas)
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Monocytic leukemia’s. lymphomas, carcinomas Rheumatoid collagen disease, and Malaria RBC info RBC production is controlled by erythropoietin. Erythropoietin levels(90% kidney, 10% liver) are controlled by the level of oxygen in the tissues. Increased RBC: polycythemia Decreased RBC: Anemia Hematocrit: The portion of the blood occupied by RBC Hematocrit Increase Decrease Polycythemia (Inc. RBC) Anemia (dec. rbc) Deyhydration (less plasma, higher RBC conc.) Hemorrhage- you bleed both RBC and plasma, however plasma can Inc. faster than RBC’s can when recovering Clotting factors: Fibrinogen, prothrombin, thromboplastin Thromboplastin converts (prothrombin to thrombin) Thrombin converts (fibrinogen to Fibrin) Heparin: found in the liver and has the ability to prevent clotting (used in treatment of thrombosis) Thrombin Increased by DIC-disseminated intravascular coagulation…. . a bleeding disorder resulting from the widespread overstimulation of the body's clotting and anticlotting mechanisms in response to illness, stress, or both. Heparin therapy Fibrinogen deficiency Fibrinogen increase decrease Cancer(stomach, breast, kidney) DIC Inflamm.- pneumonia of GMN Burns Oral contraceptive Acture severe bleeding Pregnancy BLOOD DISORDERS Iron Def. Anemia Iron deficiency anemia develops because removal of the stomach often leads to a marked decrease in the production of gastric acid. This acid is necessary to convert dietary iron to a form that is more readily absorbed in the duodenum. Anemia
Background image of page 2
usually does not occur for a few years after gastric surgery because iron is stored in moderately large amounts in the bone marrow, where red blood cells are produced. (the most common form of anemia)
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 8

DIAG 2735 Exam Notes (Hematology and Blood Disorders) -...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online