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Unformatted text preview: The Anemias Classification - There are only three ways that anemia can develop: (1) blood loss (2) decreased blood production (3) increased blood destruction In some anemic states, of course, combinations of two or even all three of these may occur. The various types of anemia are out-lined as follows: CAUSES OF ANEMIA I. Anemias due to blood loss A. Acute hemorrhage B. Chronic hemorrhage 1. Uterus a) fibroids b) cancer 2. Gastrointestinal tract a) peptic ulcer b) cancer c) hemorrhoids d) ulcerative colitis, regional enteritis e) hiatal hernia f) parasites 3. Respiratory tract a) hemoptysis b) epistaxis 4. Urinary tract a) hematuria II. Anemias due to decreased production of blood A. Lack of cell-maturing factors (deficiency anemias) 1. Iron (hypochromic-microcytic anemias) a) chronic blood loss b) dietary deficiency c) poor gastrointestinal absorption d) increased demand (growth, pregnancy, fever,...
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- Winter '11