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DIAG 2735 Other Specimen Testing

DIAG 2735 Other Specimen Testing - Other Specimen Testing...

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Other Specimen Testing Respiratory System GI System Reproductive System Miscellaneous Tests
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Respiratory System Pleural Fluid Analysis Normally pleural fluid is less than 20 ml Pleural Effusion Excess fluid accumulation in the pleural cavity Increased fluid will show up on chest x-ray and obscure the lower angles of the diaphragm
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Pleural Fluid Transudate (systemic) Clear Specific gravity < 1.016 No clotting Protein < 3 g/dl Few WBC Few RBC No elevation of glucose LDH is low Lymph blockage, too much fluid production Exudate (local) Cloudy or turbid Specific gravity > 1.016 Clot forming Protein > 3 g/dl Many WBC (purulent) RBC may be present Glucose less than serum LDH is high Infection
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Pleural Fluid Indications Cancer Bacterial infection With amylase levels = pancreatitis Nonspecific inflammation
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Gastrointestinal System Tests Gastric Acid Stimulation Peritoneal Fluid Analysis Fecal Occult Blood Fecal Lipids Stool Specimen Parasite Examination
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Gastric Acid Stimulation Measures acid secretion 1 hour after injection with acid stimulator Increased level may indicate duodenal ulcer Decreased may indicate gastric carcinoma (leather bottle), achlorhydria, or pernicious anemia
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