DIAG 2740 Chapter 8 Outline

DIAG 2740 Chapter 8 Outline - Usually with underlying...

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Chapter 8 Segmental Organization Spinal segments Area of spinal cord that contributes to the nerve roots at that level 8 cervicals, 12 thoracics, 5 lumbars, 5 sacral, 1 coccygeal Spinal cord ends at L1-L2 then the nerve roots form the cauda equina Segmental Organization 2 Enlargements 1. 2. Dermatome- Myotome- Neuropathy- Mononeuropathy- Polyneuropathy- Causes: Diabetic Neuropathy 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Mechanical Injury 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Causalgia Aka reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome Aka Complex regional pain syndrome 1. 2. 3.
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Guillian Barre Syndrome Aka Inflammatory polyneuropathy, aka acute idiopathic polyneuritis Disorders of the Neuromuscular Junction Myasthenia gravis 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Many patients have thymoma or enlarged thymus 6. Treatment involves thymectomy, immunosuppressants, and anti- acetylcholinesterase drugs Eaton Lambert syndrome Presynaptic disorder due to inadequate Acetylcholine
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Unformatted text preview: Usually with underlying cancer Stiffness of back and legs, absent DTR, weakness of lower limbs, ptosis, impotence Back Pain Differential Traumatic Vascular: Infection/inflammatory/neoplastic Degenerative developmental: Referred: Terms for Degeneration of Spine Spondylosis Spondylolysis Spondylisthesis Osteophytes Spinal stenosis Radiculopathy 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Causes of Radiculopathy Disc lesion Most Common Sites Osteophytes Stenosis Lumbar Cervical Tests Traumas Other space occupying lesions Claudication-2 types: Differentiated by: Cauda Equina Syndrome Compression of the cauda equina by a space occupying lesion Symptoms: Caused by: Is a medical emergency refer out immediately Conus Medullaris Syndrome Symptoms: Polio Cause: Neurological distribution: Symptoms:...
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DIAG 2740 Chapter 8 Outline - Usually with underlying...

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