RADD 2712 Comprehensive Lab MIDTERM Notes with Images and Glossary

RADD 2712 Comprehensive Lab MIDTERM Notes with Images and Glossary

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Unformatted text preview: Skeletal Radiology B Lab Notes Week 1 o First Film: Geographic Lesion Other descriptors: o Lytic o Soap Bubble DDX o Fibrous Dysplasia o Simple/Unicameral Bone Cyst Ground Glass (Frosted Beer Mug) o Fibrous Lesion Pathological Fracture of Lateral Humerus o Second Film: Blastic METS Not the primary site of a neoplasm o Most common primary in males = Prostate o Most common primary in females = Breast Usually geographic/well defined No brush border Often polyostotic Usually patients over 45 o Third Film Enchondroma Geographic, expansile, lytic, metaphyseal May have stippled/punctuate/popcorn calcification of cartilage (usually not visible in short bones) Most common benign tumor of the hand Usually painless Patients 10-30 years old, No sex preference o Fourth Film Klipple-Feil The word block is misused here, implying it was separate but is now fused. Preferred terminology = Non-segmentation or segmentation failure Diagnosis requires 2 or more segmentation failures in cervical spine (C/S) and upper thoracic spine (T/S) Other associated findings: o Rib anamolies o Scoliosis o Platybasia o Sprengles Congenital o Fifth Film OA First MTP Descriptors: o Osteophytes o Non-Uniform Joint Space Decrease o Possible deformity of joint Most common site for OA in the foot Sesamoid bones are standard densities to see in the foot Usually seen in patients over 40 o Sixth Film Fibrous Dysplasia Descriptors: o Dislocated femoral head o Mushroom-shaped head o Shallow acetabulum/acetabular ridge Primarily responsible for change in head shape (Dysplastic) o Transitional Segment o 2 Degeneration: DJD, Non-Uniform joint loss Subchondral cysts (Geodes) Subchondral sclerosis (Eburnation) Week 2 o First Film OA Bilateral Knee Non-uniform decrease in joint space, osteophytes, etc 3 knee compartments: o Medial, Lateral and Patello-femoral Medial is most commonly affected Bicompartmental is usually medial and lateral o Second Film NOF Nonossifying Fibroma Descriptors: o Lytic o Eccentric o Soap Bubble o Metaphyseal o Cortical Thickening Generated by faulty bone production at physis Most common at distal tibia o Third Film Osteochondroma Combination of bony and cartilaginous tumor Cortex is contiguous with parent bone, may have calcified cartilaginous cap Usually painless (pain = probably a problem) Types: o Sessile o Pedunculated Most common benign skeletal tumor Malignant degeneration is rare (about 1%) o Fourth Film HME Hereditary Multiple Exostosis A.K.A....
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RADD 2712 Comprehensive Lab MIDTERM Notes with Images and Glossary

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