The cultural aspects of a society are somewhat manifested by the marital habits of the people in
that society. Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates relationship,
in other words, it is knot between a man and a woman for the rest of their lives. It is very
important to see where people marry, as in the family backgrounds, financial status, character,
etc. Hypergamy marriage means when getting married male’s social group is better than
female’s social group. On the other hand, hypogamy marriage means when female’s social status
is higher than male’s social status. In Bangladesh, it has been a general tendency to ‘marry up’.
This is of utmost significance since; it will not only reflect a society’s mind set but project
people’s attitude. That is, how much importance they give to certain factors such as wealth,
I believe that this is a very relevant topic because people are becoming more aware and
thoughtful about the financial factors in every aspect, let alone marriages. It has been heard in
the past years, dowry played such an important role in marriages that women were tortured
inhumanly if dowry was not given by the bride’s family. (H. Jakir, personal communication,
November 20, 2008)
In our society and even the western world marriage rate is also increasing, according to Divorce
Rate Org., 2009. Therefore we need to find out whether social plays any role in it. According to
Walsh (2007), divorce occurs mainly where there is financial insecurity.
Though there are still a lot of differences in western and eastern and even in the marriage rituals
and beliefs but there is increasing concern for us as we are the upcoming generation. It is
believed that Bengali marriages are arranged, but Hindu and Muslim marital practices differ in
certain key respects. Among Hindus, considerations of caste rank are important; that is, marriage
usually occurs between persons of the same caste. Hypergamous unions—between members of
closely ranked castes, with women marrying upward—are not forbidden. But hypogamous
marriages—in which a woman marries a man of a lower caste—are strongly discouraged and
rarely occur. ( T. Zafar, personal communication, September 29, 2010)
Thus the research was conducted to justify and prove my hypothesis as it follows.
What is Marriage?