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BBA-L06- Socialization and Personality 1 Today’s Objectives
Today’s To explain the basic concepts of Socialization
including its Meaning, Definition and other relevant
aspects. To clarify the Meaning and Definition of Personality
To To discus the Process of Personality Development
and important Theories of Personality
2 Definitions of Socialization
What is Socialization?
1. “Socialization means the process by which an individual learns
to-satisfy his needs in socially acceptable way, to move within
the rules of his society and to share in his society’s values.”
( Hillgard ) 2.
2. “Socialization is the process by which a person develops from a
mere biological organism, a sat birth, to an adequate adult, in a
Psychological sense until he learns to display a measure of the
prevailing adult attitudes, values, beliefs and knowledge of the
subculture to which he belongs.” ( Bigge and Hunt ).
Some Psychologist understand Socialization a formation
and training of such abilities and characters of an
individual which assist him to attain better social
adjustment. As so far the meaning is Socialization is
concerned, it is translated as Social interaction its
practical interpretation is a processes of enabling to an
individual to interact in a society and increase an ability
of the individual to live in peace full co-existence in
society. Socialization is a process which create
particular abilities in the character of individual which
gives him / her better social adjustment. ( continue..)
4 ( Continue ) Conclusion
Conclusion In simple words the Socialization is formation and
training of human conscious Socialization creates
sense of living together, love, sympathy, and
cooperation with one another in society in this
context the socialization is training of an individual
regarding social values and ways of living which
make an individual to live in a society in amicable
way. An individual impresses to other through the
acceptable ways of Social Interaction. Through this
he acquires better place among others and acquires
5 Social Development
1. “Social development is the progressive improvement of the
individual, though directed activity in the comprehension of the
social heritage and flexible behavior patterns.”( Crow and Crow ).
social 2. “Social growth is the result of Social functioning under the
particular set of circumstances.” ( H.P. Smith )
particular Conclusion:- Social growth is a development of human character
:which gives him or her social adjustment. According to
“Hillgard” Social growth is development of such conscious by
which an individual satisfies his or her needs according to Social
values and these values are in acceptable in society.
6 Process of socialization
1. Imitation-: imitation plays vital role in the formation of our
character and behavior a child learns eating, taking, and
dressing by imitating his family members. In child hood and
imitation is unconscious but an individual imitate consciously
to the others in later life. 2.
2. Suggestion-: the meaning of suggestion is to accept the views
and habits of others without any thinking e.g. the sayings and
ways of life of Teacher, Doctor, the Priest etc. one type of
suggestion is Hypnotism. Under which one person mentally
occupied by some one. In suggestion there is a great
importance of Love, Respect and knowledge.
7 ( Continue ) Process of socialization
Process 3. Sympathy-: Sympathy is such human emotion by which one
helps other in sympathy love and sincerity are considered very
important sympathy leads to unity and like mindedness. It
makes and individuals open minded. Sympathy is an important
element of society and common value in the religion.
element 4. Coercion-: Coercion is punishment it is an extreme of Social
anger punishment plays vital role in the formation of human
behavior it stops him taking part immoral acts even others get
lesson from punishment served to some one else e.g. the parents
rebuke the children because of bad habits. Similarly Jokes,
Pranks and humor are the softer forms of Coercion an explicit
example of this is an expulsion some one from the community.
8 ( Continue ) Process of socialization
Process 5. Self Projection-: it is weakness of more or less every one it
has different ways of display some project their wealth and
some try to press the others through the expensive dresses
where as some exhibits their some self projection by
exposing their nobility righteousness and piousness.
exposing 6. Social Control-: Society controls Human behavior with
different rules. These are some restriction which are
obligatory for every one. To maintain Social organization
social restriction are necessary. It includes Rules, Rituals,
Culture, Values, Norms and Education etc.
9 Major Sources of Socialization
1. Family-: The first Source of Socialization is Family according
to “Baldon” as the child grows and develops by inhaling air
physically, similarly by grasping family norms and values
attains social growth.
attains 2. Peer Groups-: The 2nd source of Socialization and conscious
is Peer Group it includes Neighbors in the vicinity of a child.
is 3. Apposite Sex Group-: In adolescent period the sexual instinct
of the children becomes powerful they wish to have more
interaction towards apposite sex and they learn the ways to
satisfy their sexual needs under the set Social values.
10 ( Continue ) Major Sources of Socialization
4. Closed Areas-: In these areas peoples tend to react in
accordance with deeply rooted prejudice instead thinking
they act Blindly, Stubbornly and Irrationally. e.g. the people
of same political ideas mostly sit together and develop their
political understanding. 5.
5. Media-: In present time it is the major source of
Socialization through discussions and visuals the person
learns the social behaviors, Values, norms and rules etc.
learns 6. Religious Institutions-: Religious institution heavily guide
us how to understand the Social values norms and rules it
tells us what are the good and bad standards of the society.
11 Definition of Personality
What is Personality?
1. “Personality may be defined as the most characteristic
integration of an individual’s structure, modes of behavior,
interests, attitudes capacities, abilities and aptitudes.” ( Munn,
N.L 2. “Personality is the dynamic organization within the individual
of those Psycho-Physical systems that determine his unique
adjustment to his environment.” ( Allport, G.W )
adjustment 12 Conclusion
In short personal is a total quality to attitudes, interests,
capacities, aptitudes and behaviors pattern which are
manifested in the individual relations with in the
environment. Thus personality is not a fixed state, but a
dynamic totality which continuously changing due to
interaction with in the environment personality is
known by the conduct, behavior, activities, movement
and every thing else concerning the individual. 13 Factors Affecting Personality
There had been discussion on the factors
affecting personality development. The focus
of attention were two factors hurriedly and
environment. In modern times personality
development is viewed under the Two broad
categories Biological and Social factors.
categories 14 Biological Factors
1. Biological: Ductless glands sent their secretion directly to the
blood without ducts. Their secretions are called hormones.
These hormones are responsible for many changes in the
personality / each gland secretes one or more types of
hormones. The effect of the hormones is influenced by the
hereditary as well as the environmental factors. 2.
2. Physique: Another important biological factor affecting
personality is physical structure. It is some times observed in
daily life that the fat men are easy-going and social, while
these persons are self controlled, irritated and unsocial. This
physical structure has some relation with the temperament.
15 ( Continue ) Biological Factors
3. Body Chemistry-: Another important biological
factor affecting personality is body chemistry. In
ancient times, the differences of temperament were
spouse to be due to difference of chemical elements
in different men. Thus the nervous personality was
taken as the result of nervous fluid. 16 Factors Affecting Personality
1. Influence of Home on Personality-: The
environment of the home as a comprehensive influence on
the development of personality, This influence, as a general
rule, is a according to the patterns found in a particular
culture. In the family the relation of child with the parents is
the most intimate. The cultural development child is very
much influenced by the behavior of the parents, e.g. a child
brought up in Indian family will be very much different in
his behavior than another brought up in a western home.
17 ( Continue ) Factors Affecting Personality
2. Influence of School on Personality-: School also has
an important influence on the personality of the child. In
school both the teacher and class – fellows influence the
personality of the personality of the child. Just as in the
family the parents are ideals before the child so are teachers
in the schools. 18 ( Continue ) Factors Affecting Personality
3. Influence of Society on Personality-: Society is a
web of social relationship. These social relationships
connect men and women with one another. The
interpersonal relations influence and mould the personality
of the individual. In the society each individual has some
peculiar status and roles corresponding to them. e.g. In
Hindu community, members of different castes have
different social status in society. The role and functions of
an individual are determined by his status. This mechanism
controls the behavior of the individual.
19 Theories of personalities
C.H. Cooley: The famous American Sociologist C.H. Cooley
presented the theory of looking Glass self. According to him as
one gausses of his facial features by looking at mirror similarly a
person tries to understand him or her self in the light of the views
of the other. In simple words environment and society are sort of
mirror. We establish an opinion about our self on the views of the
others about us. So our opinion about our self is the result of the
others impressions abut us.
How we look to others- its concept
How others understand about us- its concept
The sense of Pride and Shame from this concept
If we feel others are respecting us we feel happy and pride but on the
contrary if we feel that the others do not hold good opinion about
us we feel pain.
20 ( Continue ) Theories of personalities
G.H. Mead: Mead presented the Symbolic Interaction. According to
this theory in the formation of Personality development his own
thoughts and the thoughts of others play very important role. He
has divided the personality in to two parts.
1st is “ Me – Others ”
2nd is “ I ”
Me is a such aspect of personality which is acquired from
environment, parents and friends. Here our action are the result
others impressions. On the contrary “ I ” is a 2nd aspect of
Personality which is named individual aspect. In this aspect ego is
vital which distinguishes from us from others. Before every one
there is one ideal to which he or she tries to follow. So our
personality is a organized ability.
21 ( Continue ) Theories of personalities
Emile Durkheim: Durkheim has given extra ordinary
importance to society in the formation of personality
development. This is theory, is known as Group Mind theory.
Besides Durkheim some other sociologists such Lebon, G.W
Sumner have emphasized on Group Mind. This group mind id
formed of Mores and Norms, Creed or another word Social
Heritage. In this theory an individual has been out rightly
ignored. Where as society and individual both effect each
22 Psychological Theories
Psychological Freud’s Theory: in the formation of personality development
Freud given great stress on Unconscious and Sex. He divides
the Human personality in to three parts.
1) ID: id is unconscious power of human being which is the main
source of human abilities and power. It fulfill its needs at any
cost and ID is only to fulfill the desire or relief.
23 ( Continue ) Psychological Theories
2) EGO: Ego is 2nd important part of personality it awares to and
individual with his individuality and he starts considering him
or her self different from others. Ego is a collection of
human’s desires and actions. It is not free from wisdom and
conscious and controls the blind power of the ID. Desires are
realized according to circumstances.
realized 24 ( Continue ) Psychological Theories
3) Super EGO: it is basically conscious it control to EGO. Super
Ego or Conscious is a reflection of social values which holds
difference between good and bad. It stops from bad actions.
According to Freud all three factors try to control each other. If
ID occupies the Ego the bad actions come out but mostly Ego
Controls to ID. To control emotions is the function of Ego. Some
time there happens cresses between Ego and Conscious. An
individual harms to others for his benefits in this way it oppresses
to the conscious most oftenly conscious controls to the Ego. So it
saves a human form many bad actions if for the time being Ego
may dominant to super Ego then conscious curses to the Ego. Its
example is begging sorry. Conscious is the reflection of education
25 ( Continue ) Psychological Theories
Adler: according to Adler sense of superiority is the base of
human personality. He says that every person wants more and
more attention and love. It is because of sense of superiority.
If every desire and anxiety. This anxiety is further transformed
into mental diseases. Adler gives great importance to birth of
child in personality development e.g. if he or she is a first
child he will be the focus of attention of the parents but after
the birth of other children he has to suffer from shock due to
which he starts hate other sibling. He does jealousy from other
children and tries to harm them .
26 ( Continue ) Psychological Theories
Jung: according to Jung: according to Jung the personality may be
Jung: divided in to two parts.
1) Extrovert: this type of peoples belongs to external world and take
active part in social gatherings. They are very social, talkative and
found of friendship. Such people also prefer serve the country.
2) Introvert: on the contrary the peoples of introvert personality
remain involve in themselves these peoples are not very much
talkative but silent by nature. They always think about themselves
and consider the life as a problem.
3) Ambrivest: the third type of Ambrivest people. These peoples
posses the qualities of introvert and extrovert personalities. They
laugh and weep and they spend their life in this fashion.
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course SOC 302 taught by Professor Langenkamp during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.
- Spring '08