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Unformatted text preview: Welcome Class Welcome BBA-L06- / / BBA-L06- Socialization and Personality 1 Today’s Objectives Today’s To explain the basic concepts of Socialization To including its Meaning, Definition and other relevant aspects. aspects. To clarify the Meaning and Definition of Personality To To discus the Process of Personality Development To and important Theories of Personality 2 Definitions of Socialization Definitions What is Socialization? What 1. “Socialization means the process by which an individual learns Socialization to-satisfy his needs in socially acceptable way, to move within the rules of his society and to share in his society’s values.” ( Hillgard ) 2. 2. “Socialization is the process by which a person develops from a Socialization mere biological organism, a sat birth, to an adequate adult, in a Psychological sense until he learns to display a measure of the prevailing adult attitudes, values, beliefs and knowledge of the subculture to which he belongs.” ( Bigge and Hunt ). subculture 3 Conclusion Conclusion Some Psychologist understand Socialization a formation and training of such abilities and characters of an individual which assist him to attain better social adjustment. As so far the meaning is Socialization is concerned, it is translated as Social interaction its practical interpretation is a processes of enabling to an individual to interact in a society and increase an ability of the individual to live in peace full co-existence in society. Socialization is a process which create particular abilities in the character of individual which gives him / her better social adjustment. ( continue..) 4 ( Continue ) Conclusion Conclusion In simple words the Socialization is formation and In training of human conscious Socialization creates sense of living together, love, sympathy, and cooperation with one another in society in this context the socialization is training of an individual regarding social values and ways of living which make an individual to live in a society in amicable way. An individual impresses to other through the acceptable ways of Social Interaction. Through this he acquires better place among others and acquires pleasant personality. 5 Social Development Social 1. 1. “Social development is the progressive improvement of the Social individual, though directed activity in the comprehension of the social heritage and flexible behavior patterns.”( Crow and Crow ). social 2. “Social growth is the result of Social functioning under the Social particular set of circumstances.” ( H.P. Smith ) particular Conclusion:- Social growth is a development of human character :which gives him or her social adjustment. According to “Hillgard” Social growth is development of such conscious by which an individual satisfies his or her needs according to Social values and these values are in acceptable in society. 6 Process of socialization Process 1. 1. Imitation-: imitation plays vital role in the formation of our character and behavior a child learns eating, taking, and dressing by imitating his family members. In child hood and imitation is unconscious but an individual imitate consciously to the others in later life. 2. 2. Suggestion-: the meaning of suggestion is to accept the views and habits of others without any thinking e.g. the sayings and ways of life of Teacher, Doctor, the Priest etc. one type of suggestion is Hypnotism. Under which one person mentally occupied by some one. In suggestion there is a great importance of Love, Respect and knowledge. 7 ( Continue ) Process of socialization Process 3. Sympathy-: Sympathy is such human emotion by which one helps other in sympathy love and sincerity are considered very important sympathy leads to unity and like mindedness. It makes and individuals open minded. Sympathy is an important element of society and common value in the religion. element 4. Coercion-: Coercion is punishment it is an extreme of Social Coercion-: anger punishment plays vital role in the formation of human behavior it stops him taking part immoral acts even others get lesson from punishment served to some one else e.g. the parents rebuke the children because of bad habits. Similarly Jokes, Pranks and humor are the softer forms of Coercion an explicit example of this is an expulsion some one from the community. 8 ( Continue ) Process of socialization Process 5. Self Projection-: it is weakness of more or less every one it Self has different ways of display some project their wealth and some try to press the others through the expensive dresses where as some exhibits their some self projection by exposing their nobility righteousness and piousness. exposing 6. Social Control-: Society controls Human behavior with ociety different rules. These are some restriction which are obligatory for every one. To maintain Social organization social restriction are necessary. It includes Rules, Rituals, Culture, Values, Norms and Education etc. 9 Major Sources of Socialization Major 1. 1. Family-: The first Source of Socialization is Family according Family-: to “Baldon” as the child grows and develops by inhaling air physically, similarly by grasping family norms and values attains social growth. attains 2. Peer Groups-: The 2nd source of Socialization and conscious Peer The is Peer Group it includes Neighbors in the vicinity of a child. is 3. Apposite Sex Group-: In adolescent period the sexual instinct of the children becomes powerful they wish to have more interaction towards apposite sex and they learn the ways to satisfy their sexual needs under the set Social values. satisfy 10 ( Continue ) Major Sources of Socialization Continue Major 4. Closed Areas-: In these areas peoples tend to react in Closed accordance with deeply rooted prejudice instead thinking they act Blindly, Stubbornly and Irrationally. e.g. the people of same political ideas mostly sit together and develop their political understanding. 5. 5. Media-: In present time it is the major source of Media-: Socialization through discussions and visuals the person learns the social behaviors, Values, norms and rules etc. learns 6. Religious Institutions-: Religious institution heavily guide Religious us how to understand the Social values norms and rules it tells us what are the good and bad standards of the society. 11 Definition of Personality Definition What is Personality? What 1. “Personality may be defined as the most characteristic Personality integration of an individual’s structure, modes of behavior, interests, attitudes capacities, abilities and aptitudes.” ( Munn, N.L ) N.L 2. “Personality is the dynamic organization within the individual Personality of those Psycho-Physical systems that determine his unique adjustment to his environment.” ( Allport, G.W ) adjustment 12 Conclusion In short personal is a total quality to attitudes, interests, In capacities, aptitudes and behaviors pattern which are manifested in the individual relations with in the environment. Thus personality is not a fixed state, but a dynamic totality which continuously changing due to interaction with in the environment personality is known by the conduct, behavior, activities, movement and every thing else concerning the individual. 13 Factors Affecting Personality There had been discussion on the factors There affecting personality development. The focus of attention were two factors hurriedly and environment. In modern times personality development is viewed under the Two broad categories Biological and Social factors. categories 14 Biological Factors 1. Biological: Ductless glands sent their secretion directly to the Biological: blood without ducts. Their secretions are called hormones. These hormones are responsible for many changes in the personality / each gland secretes one or more types of hormones. The effect of the hormones is influenced by the hereditary as well as the environmental factors. 2. 2. Physique: Another important biological factor affecting Physique: personality is physical structure. It is some times observed in daily life that the fat men are easy-going and social, while these persons are self controlled, irritated and unsocial. This physical structure has some relation with the temperament. physical 15 ( Continue ) Biological Factors Continue Biological 3. Body Chemistry-: Another important biological Body factor affecting personality is body chemistry. In ancient times, the differences of temperament were spouse to be due to difference of chemical elements in different men. Thus the nervous personality was taken as the result of nervous fluid. 16 Factors Affecting Personality Social Factors: 1. Influence of Home on Personality-: The environment of the home as a comprehensive influence on the development of personality, This influence, as a general rule, is a according to the patterns found in a particular culture. In the family the relation of child with the parents is the most intimate. The cultural development child is very much influenced by the behavior of the parents, e.g. a child brought up in Indian family will be very much different in his behavior than another brought up in a western home. 17 ( Continue ) Factors Affecting Personality Continue Factors Social Factors: 2. Influence of School on Personality-: School also has an important influence on the personality of the child. In school both the teacher and class – fellows influence the personality of the personality of the child. Just as in the family the parents are ideals before the child so are teachers in the schools. 18 ( Continue ) Factors Affecting Personality Continue Factors Social Factors: 3. Influence of Society on Personality-: Society is a web of social relationship. These social relationships connect men and women with one another. The interpersonal relations influence and mould the personality of the individual. In the society each individual has some peculiar status and roles corresponding to them. e.g. In Hindu community, members of different castes have different social status in society. The role and functions of an individual are determined by his status. This mechanism controls the behavior of the individual. 19 Theories of personalities Theories C.H. Cooley: The famous American Sociologist C.H. Cooley C.H. presented the theory of looking Glass self. According to him as one gausses of his facial features by looking at mirror similarly a person tries to understand him or her self in the light of the views of the other. In simple words environment and society are sort of mirror. We establish an opinion about our self on the views of the others about us. So our opinion about our self is the result of the others impressions abut us. a) How we look to others- its concept a) How b) How others understand about us- its concept c) The sense of Pride and Shame from this concept c) The If we feel others are respecting us we feel happy and pride but on the contrary if we feel that the others do not hold good opinion about us we feel pain. 20 ( Continue ) Theories of personalities Theories G.H. Mead: Mead presented the Symbolic Interaction. According to G.H. this theory in the formation of Personality development his own thoughts and the thoughts of others play very important role. He has divided the personality in to two parts. 1st is “ Me – Others ” 2nd is “ I ” Me is a such aspect of personality which is acquired from environment, parents and friends. Here our action are the result others impressions. On the contrary “ I ” is a 2nd aspect of others Personality which is named individual aspect. In this aspect ego is vital which distinguishes from us from others. Before every one there is one ideal to which he or she tries to follow. So our personality is a organized ability. 21 ( Continue ) Theories of personalities Theories Emile Durkheim: Durkheim has given extra ordinary Emile importance to society in the formation of personality development. This is theory, is known as Group Mind theory. Besides Durkheim some other sociologists such Lebon, G.W Sumner have emphasized on Group Mind. This group mind id formed of Mores and Norms, Creed or another word Social Heritage. In this theory an individual has been out rightly ignored. Where as society and individual both effect each other. 22 Psychological Theories Psychological Freud’s Theory: in the formation of personality development Freud’s Freud given great stress on Unconscious and Sex. He divides the Human personality in to three parts. 1) ID 1) ID 2) EGO 2) EGO 3) Super EGO 3) Super 1) 1) ID: id is unconscious power of human being which is the main id source of human abilities and power. It fulfill its needs at any cost and ID is only to fulfill the desire or relief. 23 ( Continue ) Psychological Theories Continue Psychological Freud’s Theory: 2) EGO: Ego is 2nd important part of personality it awares to and 2) EGO individual with his individuality and he starts considering him or her self different from others. Ego is a collection of human’s desires and actions. It is not free from wisdom and conscious and controls the blind power of the ID. Desires are realized according to circumstances. realized 24 ( Continue ) Psychological Theories Continue Psychological Freud’s Theory: 3) Super EGO: it is basically conscious it control to EGO. Super 3) Super it Ego or Conscious is a reflection of social values which holds difference between good and bad. It stops from bad actions. According to Freud all three factors try to control each other. If ID occupies the Ego the bad actions come out but mostly Ego Controls to ID. To control emotions is the function of Ego. Some time there happens cresses between Ego and Conscious. An individual harms to others for his benefits in this way it oppresses to the conscious most oftenly conscious controls to the Ego. So it saves a human form many bad actions if for the time being Ego may dominant to super Ego then conscious curses to the Ego. Its example is begging sorry. Conscious is the reflection of education and environment. 25 ( Continue ) Psychological Theories Continue Psychological Adler: according to Adler sense of superiority is the base of human personality. He says that every person wants more and more attention and love. It is because of sense of superiority. If every desire and anxiety. This anxiety is further transformed into mental diseases. Adler gives great importance to birth of child in personality development e.g. if he or she is a first child he will be the focus of attention of the parents but after the birth of other children he has to suffer from shock due to which he starts hate other sibling. He does jealousy from other children and tries to harm them . 26 ( Continue ) Psychological Theories Continue Psychological Jung: according to Jung: according to Jung the personality may be Jung: divided in to two parts. divided 1) Extrovert Extrovert 2) Introvert 1) Extrovert: this type of peoples belongs to external world and take active part in social gatherings. They are very social, talkative and found of friendship. Such people also prefer serve the country. 2) Introvert: on the contrary the peoples of introvert personality remain involve in themselves these peoples are not very much talkative but silent by nature. They always think about themselves and consider the life as a problem. and 3) Ambrivest: the third type of Ambrivest people. These peoples 3) posses the qualities of introvert and extrovert personalities. They laugh and weep and they spend their life in this fashion. 27 ThankYou, Good Bye Till Next Class 28 ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course SOC 302 taught by Professor Langenkamp during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.

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