Ch.5 Socialization

Ch.5 Socialization - Sociology Socialization The Key to our...

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Sociology Socialization The Key to our humanity
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Socialization Get Notes outline Get books Read introduction on pg. 118
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Social Experience: The key to our Humanity Socialization Lifelong social experience by which people develop their human potential and learn culture Social Experience is also the foundation for Personality Person’s fairly consistent patterns of acting, feeling, and thinking. Built by internalizing our surroundings
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Nature vs. Nurture 18 th c. debate over importance of two in shaping human behavior Nature: helped by “Darwinism” Thinking that human behavior is instinctive or “simply our nature” Examples: Capitalism displays instincts of “human competitiveness”, some people are “born criminals”, women are “emotional.” This view increased Ethnocentrism….why?
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Nature vs. Nurture Nurture: Mmmmm…. .tastes so good! Idea that behavior is not instinctive but learned “Socialization” Doesn’t deny biology, just that people are also developed based on their culture/surroundings To develop, people must have the opportunity and challenges needed to stimulate themselves
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Social Isolation Experiments Primates: Harlow’s experiments http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tlJS8LeLWjs Findings Primates benefited from closeness and nurturing Long-term isolation is irreversible Isolated Children Read Stories Importance Social experience is crucially important in development of personality People/primates can recover from short-term isolation but there is still an unknown line causing permanent damage
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Lesson Closing Task #1 Read article over Harlow Write a reaction paragraph to the article on how it relates to Nature v. Nurture and Socialization
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Bell Work Write a reaction to the Article read yesterday about Harlow and his experiments Were they ethical? How important were they? What did they discover? What did you learn? How is it related to Nature v Nurture
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Freud’s Elements of Personality Two opposing forces Personality is shaped by these two opposed forces creating an inner tension Eros: The life instinct Instinctual need (at birth) for sexual/emotional bonding Thanatos: The death instinct Aggression drive for survival Model of Personality Combined basic needs w/ influence of society into 3 part model
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Id: Human beings basic drives Unconscious and demands immediate satisfaction Self-centered id opposed by society Ego: Persons conscious efforts to balance innate demands of id w/ demands of society Helps to avoid frustration by approaching world realistically Superego: Cultural values and norms internalized by an individual. Acts as conscience; develops as child becomes aware
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course SOC 302 taught by Professor Langenkamp during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.

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Ch.5 Socialization - Sociology Socialization The Key to our...

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