Le Willard died on the scaffold during the French Revolution, and Temple Franklin dawdled so in publishing Franklin's papers that gossips suggested he had been bribed by the British government to suppress them. But finally he brought out the first three parts of the Autobiography in 1818, the text based on Bache's copy. Years later, in 1868, the American minister to France, John Bigelow, located and brought from Le Willard's heirs the original manuscript. He then noted how widely it differed from the official edition and brought out what he claimed was the definitive edition of the Autobiography , in the process reviling Temple Franklin on a number of grounds. But since Bigelow simply made corrections on a printed copy of the Temple Franklin edition, his own "definitive edition" has as many errors as he claimed the original definitive edition contained. Temple Franklin was unjustly accused of bowdlerizing his grandfather's powerful prose. Of course,
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