Malcolm emerged during these years as the chief spokesman for the organization. He was even better-known than Mr. Muhammad himself, and he was gradually delegated more authority in the organization, especially after Elijah Muhammad became ill. Along with this increased authority was the knowledge that people were jealous of him. At the time, however, Malcolm little suspected that Elijah Muhammad himself was becoming jealous, and that this jealousy would result in Malcolm's expulsion from the Nation of Islam. The title of Chapter Fifteen is taken from Greek mythology. Icarus and his father, Daedalus, escaped from the labyrinth on the island of Crete by flying with wings made of feathers and wax. Icarus was warned not to fly too high lest the sun's heat melt the wax and destroy the wings. But Icarus did not heed the warning; he fell into the sea and was drowned. At the end of the chapter, Malcolm thinks of
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