Malcolm had been encouraged to make the pilgrimage to Mecca, called Hajj in Arabic, by orthodox Muslims he met on his speaking tours, as well as by other members of the Nation of Islam. Now, free of the doctrines of Elijah Muhammad, he was able to pursue the true faith of Islam on his own. The trip was financed by Ella, who had previously broken with the Nation of Islam and considered herself a true Muslim. She had been saving to make the pilgrimage herself, but this money was used to pay for Malcolm's trip.The Hajj went smoothly, and Malcolm felt that Allah was guiding him, helping him to pass obstacles along the way and re-educating him by example. Perhaps the most significant result of the trip was its effect upon Malcolm's racial attitudes. On the Hajj, Malcolm came in contact with many white Muslims who were friendly and helpful to him and who treated him as an equal. He began to
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