Representative of the suspicion and occasional hostility with which the twentieth century has sometimes regarded Benjamin Franklin is Max Weber's treatment of him in his classic The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. In this study Weber argues that a capitalistic economic system depends on the unnatural inclination of the workers to increase their productivity. He states that this accelerating productivity does not derive from love of money but from love of labor itself. And further, that love of work, or pride in one's occupation, is instilled most effectively by ascetic Protestantism. The Calvinists, Methodists, and Baptists, Weber felt, shared an ascetic attitude toward the world, a suspicion of spontaneous pleasure, and a conviction that man could best serve God by working effectively at his 11 calling." That out of this affirmation of work for its own sake (an
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