Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder - Mood stabilizers: Lithium,...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Bipolar disorder o DSM-IV criteria More severe than MDD Higher suicide risk than MDD Bipolar I - normal periods in between major depressive episodes and manic episodes Bipolar II – normal periods in between Major depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes Lifetime prevalence – 1% Equal sex ratio Onset: 18-22 o Cyclothymia Hypomanic episodes alternating with mild depression Chronic – 2+ years “Moody” with few neutral moods 1/3 go on to develop bipolar o Causes Less known than MDD Biology – genetics: bipolar disorders seems to have a stronger genetic component than MDD o If a family member has bipolar disorder your increased risk is for a mood disorder NTM – elevated dopamine associated with manic episodes Initial evidence that the age of father may increase risk for bipolar disorder because coping error in DNA Social – Stressful events can trigger episodes o Treatment – if you could only choose one treatment, go with medicine
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Mood stabilizers: Lithium, anticonvulsant meds: recommended to start with Lithium because it decreases suicide 50% benefit from lithium and toxic at high doses, severe weight gain Psychotherapy increase compliance Family therapy help family understand what is going on with individual and better communication, and support Family therapy + medicine leads to better compliance and fewer relapse (& longer time until relapse) Eating Disorders Anorexia Nervosa (AN) o Clinical description DSM-IV criteria Very low weight for height, <85% of their ideal body weight, usually accomplished by food restriction Intense fear of gaining weight One of the following o Disturbed body perception o Self-evaluation overly due to weight/shape o Denial or seriousness of low weight Amenorrhea 3+ consecutive without a period...
View Full Document

Page1 / 2

Bipolar disorder - Mood stabilizers: Lithium,...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online