Causal theorie1

Causal theorie1 - Causal theories o Psychoanalytic...

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Causal theories o Psychoanalytic Conversion of underlying conflict into physical sx Physical sx easier to tolerate than anxiety o Behavioral Rewards from conversion sx, like attention and sympathy are reinforcing may contribute to development or maintenance of conversion symptons Treatment o Difficult – resent psych referral o Change reinforcement – withdraw attention from sx and increase attention for acting in healthy ways o Teach effective ways to cope with stress o Body dysmorphic disorder Clinical description Preoccupation with imagined defect in appearance; “imagined ugliness” Ideas of reference – thinking that things happen because of them o Attribute others reactions to their imagined defect Typical focus is face: skin, nose, chin, symmetry Prevalence – 1% Sex ratio: equal Onset: early adolescence through 20’s Mirror-checking or avoiding Elaborate rituals to camouflage “flaw” o Wearing sunglasses inside o
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course PSYC 245 taught by Professor Snyder during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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Causal theorie1 - Causal theories o Psychoanalytic...

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