History of Psych Exam 2 notes

History of Psych Exam 2 notes - EXAM 2 Review History of...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
EXAM 2 Review – History of Psych Early Studies of Central Nervous System - Brain & consciousness o Earliest evidence = Egyptian hieroglyphics o Pierre Cabanis: consciousness end when head severed from the body o Theodore Bischoff : no reactions from a decapitated head - Localization of Brain Function o Franz Joseph Gall Doctrine of the skull: intelligence & personality “faculties” are localized in brain revealed in skull topography: if good @ math the eyebrows above right eye bulge a bit Faculty Pscyh: examination of bumps and depressions on skull to determine strength and weakness of mental faculties Johann Spurzheim – pherenology (student of Gall) Phrenology = study of the mind, made great deal of money All charts were different At least they realized there were specialized brain functions o Pierre Fluorens Thought phrenology was bullshit, didn’t like localization Extirpation : lesion regions then note consequences Destroy cerebral cortex passivity (lobotomy) Action Commune : brain is not localized, but functions as an integrated system towards a common action unity Recovery of Function : certain cortical regions can recover after brain injury o Phineas Gage (1848) - Pierre-Paul Broca o Studied “Tan” o Expressive aphasia : loss of articulate speech o Sac in frontal lobe = Broca’s area – section of left frontal lobe involved in speech - Carl Wernicke o Wernicke’s aphasis : articulate speech but w/ out meaning o Wernicke’s area : section of left temporal lobe involved in the comprehension of speech - Synaptic Transmission o Camillo Golgi Reticular theory: nerve cells are physically connected to each other in a complex network of axons & dendrites o Santiago Ramon Y Cajal Believed there is a gap btw/ neurons Neuron Theory : nerve cells are independent units separated by neuro-gap Cajal and Golgi awarded nobel prize o Charles Scott Sherrington Integrative Action of the Nervous System – settled debate, neurons communicate via synaptic cleft Cointed terms “Neuron” and “Synapse”
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Examined synaptic transmission, action potential, excitatory, inhibitory properties of neurons in reflexes History of Systems Psych - “ Psych has a long past but only a short history” –Ebbinghaus - Systems or schools of psych o Structuralism (structures of mind) o Functionalism (the purpose of the mind) o Behaviorism (study behavior scientifically) o Gestalt Psych o Psychoanalysis - Later schools o Humanistic o Existential (questions pertaining to human existence) o Cognitive Psych Structuralism - Goal of Structuralism o Describe the structure of the human mind by analyzing its elements (reductionist or bottom-up) o Studying as a whole how we’re all the same - Wilhelm Wundt o Trained as physiologist (never had psych degree) o Considered to be the founder of Psych o Established first psychology institute in 1879 at Leipzig - Philosophical Studies o Maybe 1 st psych journal - Christened new science “Physiological Psych” o
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern