History of Psych Exam 2 notes

History of Psych Exam 2 notes - EXAM 2 Review History of...

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EXAM 2 Review – History of Psych Early Studies of Central Nervous System - o Earliest evidence = Egyptian hieroglyphics o Pierre Cabanis: consciousness end when head severed from the body o Theodore Bischoff : no reactions from a decapitated head - Localization of Brain Function o Franz Joseph Gall Doctrine of the skull: intelligence & personality “faculties” are localized in brain revealed in skull topography: if good @ math the eyebrows above right eye bulge a bit Faculty Pscyh: examination of bumps and depressions on skull to determine strength and weakness of mental faculties Johann Spurzheim – pherenology (student of Gall) Phrenology = study of the mind, made great deal of money All charts were different At least they realized there were specialized brain functions o Pierre Fluorens Thought phrenology was bullshit, didn’t like localization Extirpation : lesion regions then note consequences Destroy cerebral cortex passivity (lobotomy) Action Commune : brain is not localized, but functions as an integrated system towards a common action unity Recovery of Function : certain cortical regions can recover after brain injury o Phineas Gage (1848) - Pierre-Paul Broca o Studied “Tan” o Expressive aphasia : loss of articulate speech o Sac in frontal lobe = Broca’s area – section of left frontal lobe involved in speech - Carl Wernicke o Wernicke’s aphasis : articulate speech but w/ out meaning o Wernicke’s area : section of left temporal lobe involved in the comprehension of speech - Synaptic Transmission o Camillo Golgi Reticular theory: nerve cells are physically connected to each other in a o Santiago Ramon Y Cajal Believed there is a gap btw/ neurons Neuron Theory : nerve cells are independent units separated by neuro-gap Cajal and Golgi awarded nobel prize o Charles Scott Sherrington Integrative Action of the Nervous System – settled debate, neurons communicate via synaptic cleft Cointed terms “Neuron” and “Synapse”
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Examined synaptic transmission, action potential, excitatory, inhibitory properties of neurons in reflexes History of Systems Psych - “ Psych has a long past but only a short history” –Ebbinghaus - Systems or schools of psych o Structuralism (structures of mind) o Functionalism (the purpose of the mind) o Behaviorism (study behavior scientifically) o Gestalt Psych o Psychoanalysis - Later schools o Humanistic o Existential (questions pertaining to human existence) o Cognitive Psych Structuralism - Goal of Structuralism o Describe the structure of the human mind by analyzing its elements (reductionist or bottom-up) o Studying as a whole how we’re all the same - Wilhelm Wundt o Trained as physiologist (never had psych degree) o Considered to be the founder of Psych o Established first psychology institute in 1879 at Leipzig - Philosophical Studies o Maybe 1 st psych journal
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2008 for the course PSYC 4511 taught by Professor King,brett during the Spring '08 term at Colorado.

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History of Psych Exam 2 notes - EXAM 2 Review History of...

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