Chapter 1

Chapter 1 - Chapter 1: Themes and method of Child...

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Chapter 1: Themes and method of Child Development Historical foundation of the Study of Child Development o Early philosophical views – how do children acquire knowledge? Plato Children are born with innate knowledge Knew what animals were at birth Emphasized self-control and discipline Aristotle Knowledge comes from experience Had to encounter animals to acquire knowledge Aristotle and Locke believed that child rearing should be geared toward the individual child o 2,000 years later John Locke Blank slate “tabula rasa” Jean-Jacques Rousseau Children should not receive any formal education until they reach the “age of reason” around 12 Rousseau believed that children should have maximum freedom to interact with their environment; like Aristotle he believed knowledge comes from experience o Research on Children – began in the early 19 th century for 2 main reason The Industrial Revolution in Europe and the US Social reform movements
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Chapter 1 - Chapter 1: Themes and method of Child...

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