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Children learn how to form categories and learn what to place in categories

Children learn how to form categories and learn what to place in categories

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Children learn how to form categories and learn what to place in categories Perceptual categorization: grouping together objects that look similar o Color o Size o Movement Where? Space When Time Why? Causality How many? Numbers and math o Core concepts from infancy on Core-knowledge theorists – infants have a biological predisposition to form concepts Piaget – physical interactions with objects help infants learn about concepts Information-processing – through basic processing skills infants make connections about many aspects of a concept Sociocultural theories – the way the social world influences an infants conceptual development o Causal connections Understanding causal connections, why objects are the way they are and helps children learn and remember new categories o Knowledge of other people and oneself Naïve psychology – a common-sense level of understanding of people and oneself Center around 3 psychological constructs Desires Beliefs Actions o Theory of mind – a basic understanding of how the mind works and influences
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Unformatted text preview: behavior Includes child’s knowledge of • Perceptions • Psychological states • Actions False Belief Problems – developing a theory of mind includes understating the connection between others desires and their actions Theory of mind and the growth of play • Play – activities that are pursued for their own sake and the enjoyment they provide • Pretend play – make-believe activities in which children create new symbolic representations o Object substitution – use an object for something other than itself • Sociodramatic play – activities in which children enact miniature dramas with other children or adults • Significance of play o Piaget Play reflects egocentrism Play only contributes to development during elementary years o Vigotsky Enhances thinking and takes children to higher levels within their ZPD Scaffolding...
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