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Unformatted text preview: Central themes • Nature/Nurture • Influence of sociocultural context • How change occurs Piaget – development leads learning • Once children pass through the stages, his theory is no longer necessary Vygotsky – learning leads to development • This is seen as an ongoing process well into early adulthood • Children are social beings shaped by their cultural contexts • Products of their culture • Learners and teachers • Cognitive change originates in social interaction How does change occur? • Social scaffolding o More competent people provide temporary frameworks that lead children to higher-order thinking • Social referencing o Children look to social partners for guidance about how to respond to unfamiliar events Zone of proximal development • Range between what the children can do by themselves and what they can do with optimal social support • Actual vs. potential...
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course PSYC 250 taught by Professor Okeke during the Fall '07 term at UNC.
- Fall '07