The brain and experience

The brain and experience - Children are good at regulating...

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The brain and experience Plasticity – capacity of the brain to be affected by experience o Experience-expectant plasticity Universal, experience by all humans Touch, sounds, voices, visual stimulation o Experience-dependent plasticity Processes unique to the individual Brain damage “worst” in early prenatal and postnatal development Not “as” bad in early childhood because brain has most plasticity Body development o Physical growth and development Genes affect height and weight Tendency to be overweigh/obese Gender – girls tend to be taller around age 10 Environmental influences on physical development Nutrition – breast feeding has many virtues including providing antibodies against infectious agents o Majority of infants in the US are not breast fed Physical and psychological disorder Regional areas o Infants and food Sensitive to the taste of mothers milk (effected by what she eats) infants like garlic and vanilla but do not like beer
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Unformatted text preview: Children are good at regulating the amount of food they consume Role of experience in food selection – observe others eating and enjoying, encouragement/discouragement by parents o Obesity Over 50% of American adults are overweight and 25% are obese Children and adolescents Genetic and environmental factors The surplus of food available to many in the US leads to overeating Health and social problems o Eating disorders Bulimia • Characterized by eating binges followed by self-induced purging Anorexia nervosa • Characterized by distorted body image leading to starvation • More rare than bulimia o Undernutrition 40% of the worlds children under the age of 5 are undernourished or malnourished • Causes physical and cognitive impairments • The most common nutritional problem • Marasmums – results from too few calories • Kwashiorkor – results from inadequate protein...
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course PSYC 250 taught by Professor Okeke during the Fall '07 term at UNC.

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The brain and experience - Children are good at regulating...

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