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The importance of play

The importance of play - pattern o Visual scanning –...

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The importance of play Children are at their highest level of development when they are play o Play create ZPD o Play teaches children about cultural norms – children often play out social situations The role of culture on development Vygotsky’s 2 principles of cultural influence o Cultures vary in the kinds of institutions and settings they offer to facilitate children’s intellectual development o When assessing children’s cognitive development, culture must be taken into account Seeing, Doing, Thinking in Infancy Sensation vs. perception o Sensation – the detection of stimuli by sensory receptors o Perception – the interpretation and organization of sensations to make it meaningful Vision o Newborn vision improves rapidly in the first few months o Preferential-looking technique – shows infants 2 patterns or 2 objects at the same time to see if an infant has a preference o Visual acuity – the sharpness of vision Develops rapidly o Contrast sensitivity – ability to detect difference in light and dark areas in a visual
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Unformatted text preview: pattern o Visual scanning – infants can track moving objects smoothly if the objects are moving slowing. Infants visual scanning ability is limited to focusing on perimeters or corners o Object perception Perceptual constancy – perception of objects as being constant in size, shape, color, despite difference in the retinal image of the object Size constancy Shape constancy Object segregation – infants can perceive boundaries between objects Depth perception • Depth and distance cues help us know where we are with respect to objects and landmarks o • Auditory perception o Auditory localization Infants can turn toward the direction of sound o Music perception Infants seem to be sensitive to certain musical sounds, rhythms, and melody • Taste and Smell o Develops before birth o Innate prefer sweet flavors o Sense of smell draws them to their mothers o Sensitive to the smell of breast milk...
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