MIDTERM 3 - MIDTERM3 15:19 CONGRESS Layandcollecttaxes...

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MIDTERM 3 15:19 CONGRESS What is the basic role of Congress? Lay and collect taxes Borrow money Regulate commerce Establish rules of naturalization Coin money Establish post offices and post roads Confer patents Constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court Provide army, navy, and militia “…To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution…all  powers vested…in the government of the United States.” How is Congress organized? There are two chambers: House and Senate They made the house extremely sensitive to public opinion- 2 year term. A way of  keeping Congress with regard to the House in check. Number determined by population Senate is 6 years term. Originally selected by state legislators. Constitution was  amended and now they are elected by the people. Number determined by States. One person, one vote? How does Congress operate? How does a bill become law?
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1. Proposed in either Senate or House (tax bills come out of the House) 2. Referred to appropriate committee (assignment controlled by majority party  leadership, if it is controversial) 3. Then referred to relevant subcommittee. MOST BILLS DIE HERE. Only about 10% of  proposed legislation actually becomes law. 4. In House – goes to Rules Committee (except monetary bills – appropriations mostly  and some from Ways and Means and other committees) where it gets (a) a set of rules  [e.g. can the bill be amended? How much time to debate? Who can amend?] And (b) a  date for consideration by the whole House. [If it chooses the House as a whole can  force the consideration of  5. Floor debate and voting 6. Steps 1-5 in the other chamber 7. If bills are not identical, a conference committee usually composed of leading-senior  members of relevant committees meet. Their role is to iron out differences between the  bills.
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