Locke study guide

Locke study guide - Locke study guide

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Locke study guide http://www.sparknotes.com/philosophy/locke/section3.rhtml Freedom against tyranny (pp 5-18, 91-107) 1. What is “conquest” and when is it legitimate? a. When taking over another state, country, province, etc. 2. Rights by Natural Law a. Punish those who do bad to you b. Equality in civil law c. Seek reparation d. Own property life liberty e. Slavery – submission w/out consent f. War – enmity and hatred and destruction 3. What is the difference between conquest and usurpation? a. Usurpation is never right, can lead to tyranny, and change only of people not forms or rules of govt. 4. What is "tyranny?" a. Exercise of power beyond right 5. What forms of government are subject to becoming tyrannical? a. Monarchies become tyrannical when kings leave to rule w/ own laws 6. What are the dangers of resistance to tyranny? a. King will not like it 7. What is the relationship of power and right? a. Power does not give right to take one’s life or property 8. What are the deficiencies of divine right claims? a. Adam’s limited domain b. Heir’s limited domain c. Inclusive patrimony 9. How is political power different from other forms of power a. Policial power is the right to make laws for public good b. Master-servant – production of material wealth c. Husband wife – protect wife/have children d. Lord-slave – slaves are inferior, cant care for themselves or know what is right/wrong, absolute ctrl, maintenances of order 10. How do we create legitimate political power? 11. What are the rights that we have by nature? a. rights: These are rights that are supposedly universal in scope and binding on human behavior, much like the physical laws of nature. One of the most famous expositions of this belief came from the 17th century philosopher John Locke. According to Locke, natural rights were those rights enjoyed by prehistoric humans in their original "state of nature," before humans began forming complex societies. This was an idyllic world of freedom, equality and consideration of other people's rights. He wrote that the "state of nature" is governed by a "law of nature," which humans can discover through reason. Through his own reasoning, Locke concluded that humans were "by nature free, equal and independent."
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Furthermore, natural law obligated that "no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions." b. Property, life, liberty 12. Why can’t we just do without government? a. Provide structure and stability and authority 13. How are the state of nature, the state of war, and slavery different? a.
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Locke study guide - Locke study guide

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