Machiavelli study guide

Machiavelli study guide - Machiavelli study guide A model...

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Machiavelli study guide A model of political analysis (pp. 81-92) 1. What is the political importance of the fact that “men are by nature envious”? a. ingratitude and stinginess are most dangerous b. When a king does not want to reward due to pure greed this is dishonorable and disrespectful c. Eternal infamy d. Suspicion is ok when a ruler tries to justify a soldier’s victory by luck or other excuses e. This is to keep power 2. Why is history important for political architecture? a. b/c we can base some decisions upon those made earlier b. try to correct what went wrong c. learn from mistakes and advances 3. What sorts of considerations are critical for regime success and failure? a. Success - Laws, peace, good defenses, strength, industrious citizens, content people, fertile land b. If don’t have these – have failure 4. How is regime failure manifested in changes of regime types? a. Only way a country is changed is if everyone believes they are in danger 5. What is the ideal regime type for restraining the forces of regime failure and encouraging the chances of regime success? a. A regime that has some qualities from each of 3 good types a.i. Democracy, monarchy, and aristocracy a.ii. Checks and balance a.iii. REPUBLIC 6. What is the measure of regime success? a. Power added to power b. Each of 3 good types c. No political turmoil or stress d. Mixture of power e. What is left behind/how long it is present Liberty and the republic (pp. 31-34, 92-10 , 113-121, 182-184) 1. What is the importance of social (or class) divisions in republican polities? a. Continuing freedom b. 2 different view points c. All laws made foster liberty d. Good laws good edu good citizens excellence 2. How does the institutionalization of class conflict encourage public commitment? a. Demands of poor people don’t hurt liberty b. If no class conflict everyone has right to vote b.i. No need to ask for anything b.ii. No opportunity
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b.iii. People don’t fear rulers or rule b.iv. No competition b.v. No change b/c no view points are expressed 3. How is this conflict institutionalized: a. In the structures of government? a.i. Nobles try to take power to rule over others a.ii. Plebeians want to not be oppressed a.iii. Right to accuse publicly can lead to people not following the law b. In the public culture of a polity? b.i. When 1 person is killed others will be afraid and band together b.ii. Slander c. In the legal system of a polity? c.i. People can accuse others c.ii. Jurors should be made up of all kinds of people b/c rich side w/ rich and poor side w/ poor d. In the public responsibilities and expectations of citizens? d.i. voting 4. What is the role of religion in political life? a.
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Machiavelli study guide - Machiavelli study guide A model...

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