Marx - Karl Marx Important dates 1818 born in Trier,...

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Karl Marx Important dates 1818 born in Trier, Germany 1841 Doctorate from U. Jena 1842 Newspaper editor, Bonn 1843 Moves to Paris. Meets Engles Writes “Paris Manuscripts” (EPM) 1845 Moves to Belgium Writes “German Ideology” (1846) Writes “Communist Manifesto” (1848) 1849 Moves to London Writes “later” works, including “Capital” 1883 dies. Buried in Highgate Cemetery Concepts Critique Dialectic Materialism Contradiction Alienation Labor Class Communism
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Central themes in the socialist tradition “Communism” is an ideal with a long history, stretching back (at least) to Plato and early Christianity. “Communism” implies common holding and equal sharing of material goods and social authority “Socialism” is a particularly modern tradition of the communist ideal. “Socialism” is a communal ideology for modern, mass, industrial societies. Philosophical foundations: 1. Critique of existing society Moral critique: present as “unjust” Material critique: present as “inefficient” 2. Belief in human perfectability Moral critique: change “hearts and minds” Material critique: change institutions and practices 3. Belief in virtues of communal life Pastoral vision: small, face to face, self-sufficient communities Technocratic vision: large, technologically advanced communities 4. Belief in revolutionary change Non-violent ideal: change by protest and education Violent ideal: change by open violent conflict 5. Internationalism National differences/identities replaced by class differences/identities
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Development of Marx’s thought A material critique with moral implications , favoring a technocratic ideal and change by whatever means were most efficient The intellectual development of Marx’s thought: From Idealism to Historical Materialism “Causes” of historical change Assumptions of dialectical theory Idealism(Hegel): “Spirit” (God/reason) makes history Materialism (Feuerbach): “Man” makes God and history Historical materialism (Marx): “Labor” makes history, and history makes “Man” Progress by resolution of “contradictions”: What is possible vs. what is practiced Resolution of contradictions by overcoming “alienation” (attribution of human
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Marx - Karl Marx Important dates 1818 born in Trier,...

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