Rousseau

Rousseau - Jean-Jacques Rousseau Dates 1712 Rousseau is...

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau Dates 1712 Rousseau is born in Geneva 1728 -- leaves Geneva, moves to Annency 1740 -- moves to Lyon 1742 -- moves to Paris 1743-44 -- appointed Secretary for the French Ambassador to Venice 1749 -- enters essay competition at the Academy of Dijon; wins in 1750 ( Discourse on the Sciences and the Arts ) 1754 -- publishes Discourse on Inequality 1755 -- publishes Discourse on Political Economy 1762 -- publishes On the Social Contract 1767-1778 -- European travels 1778 -- Rousseau dies, near Paris Major concepts Reciprocity Convention Equality Sovereignty General Will The Enlightenment
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Rousseau and the Logic of Republican Redemption Text themes: Where we are (Sciences and Arts) How we got here (Inequality) What we can do about it ( Social Contract ) Logic of development (species and individual): Innocence Power/Knowledge and Corruption (what should have and could happen) (what has happened) Redemption of the ideal of freedom Reason
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The effects of “enlightenment”: Creation of the modern “citizen” Opacity Uniformity Deference and lack of authenticity Insincerity Mutual suspicions, violations, fear, lack of pity, deceit
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Rousseau on the Sciences and Arts (or, where we are) Origins of power? Needs Basis of power? Knowledge Sciences and Arts today Serve power by knowledge Origins: Vice Of vigor Of morality itself Of judgment Of courage Source of abuses: INEQUALITY Objects: Idleness Effects: laziness, skepticism vanity, manipulation, unjustified distinction Losses Value of: virtue
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The inequalities of modern citizens Superficial talents Sources of distinction Objects of contempt Integrity Rhetorical skill Resolute action Fortune Glory Self-interest Citizenship Who are our heroes??? If you want to know about a society, Look at heroes How did we get like this? Whence these inequalities???
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Rousseau on the origins of inequality (or, how we got here) Knowing the origin of inequality requires knowing human nature in its ‘natural’ state, but no such state exists, and may never have existed. ‘State of nature’ arguments are tautologies ; they presuppose what they ‘prove.’ The only real truths about human nature are those that take us for what we are, and help us see the difference between: *what we have made ourselves *what we would be without society, without speech, without reason *and what we did -- or could have done – to get to here
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Rousseau on the origins of inequality (or, the paradox of society) -- Society, by way of reason, “ smothers” our nature Human nature: Self-preservation Pity Physical (natural) inequality
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course POLI 278 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at UNC.

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Rousseau - Jean-Jacques Rousseau Dates 1712 Rousseau is...

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