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Test1AnswerKeySpr10 - yin/swan. Kay Test 1 , PSYC 101...

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Unformatted text preview: yin/swan. Kay Test 1 , PSYC 101 (Spring 21310) FORM A Honor Pledge: On my honor, l will not cheat or help anyone else cheat. Signature: Print Your Name: Choose the best answer based on information from this class. 1. A6. 4. Alcohol increases the level of in the brain which leads to many of the symptoms of drunkenness. Coffee does not sober up a drunk person because it does it not block this same neurotransmitter. A. GABA B. adenosine C. dopamine D. ACh E. serotonin For some people, dreams are times when they think creatively about what is going on in their lives and then use that info. later for problem solving. This is consistent with the approach. A. psychoanalytic B. synthetic activation C. cognitive l). supernatural Prior to dental surgery, Nicholas was hypnotized and told that he would be aware of pressure but not much pain. He needed only about half his usual amount of anesthesia. This fits the , eitplanation of hypnosis. A. role—playing B. dissociation C. slow—wave sleep I). psychoanalytic in a study that showed the effect of dreaming on creativity, participants were taught a new task that required creativity and then tested 8 hours later. One«third of the participants stayed awake during those 8 hours (no dreaming), 1/3 had a nap without REM (no dreaming), and 1/3 had a nap with REM (dreaming). What is the independent variable? 7 A. creativity B. time C. napping D. dreaming What makes psychology a science? ' A. Use of specialized equipment and technology to record brain activity, such as MRI and EEG. B. Reliance on observation to gain new knowledge and test claims. C. The study of biological processes that are related to behavior and mental prooesses. D. The high value placed on intuition and personal anecdotes about a friend who did something. Which of the following is NOT a value important in science of psychology? A. Subjectivity B. Objectivity C. Humility D. Skepticism 7. Zoe says that her boyfriend cannot commit to a long—term relationship, and she says that this is completely due to C the fact that his mother did not breastfeed him when he was a baby. This form of explanation is NOT consistent with the theme that A. People’s experience of the world is highly subjective. B. Psychology evolves in a sociohistorical context. C. Behavior is determined by multiple causes. D. Psychology is empirical. 8. Many people are concerned about the effects of TV violence on children. A behavioral psychologist who studies 81 this issue would be most likely to ask A. What brain structures are activated by violent TV? B. What consequences are shown following the TV character’s violent actions? C. Does TV stimulate unconscious urges? D. In hunterngatherer times, was it adaptive to imitate violent behavior? E. Do children think that violence is right or wrong? 9. Numerous studies have shown that people will usually see what they think they are supposed to see. This finding ll is most consistent with which theoretical perspective? A. Cognitive B. Behavioral C. Humanistic D. Psychoanalytic E. Evolutionary 10. What is an advantage of experimental research? A. it is very ethical B. it tests for cause and effect C. it is natural and representative of realvlife D. it is quicker and easier than correlational research 11. Occasional insomnia is very common, and it is usually caused by E A. psychological problems B. stress C. NE abnormalities D. a disease or illness C 12. Refer to the neurons above and notice the letters over different parts. Where is the axon? ii 33. Refer to the drawing on the left below, and notice that there are letters next to lines pointing to specific areas of the cortex. Where is the primary motor cortex? i4. Refer to the drawing on the left below. What is the function of the area marked with the number 14? A. ianguage production B. 3anguage comprehension C. balance and coordination D. sensory relay fl 15. Refer to the drawing on the right above. Notice that the end of the iine numbered 35 is touching a structure in the midbrain. If this part of the brain was damaged, what problem would the person be most likely to experience? i A. amnesia C. problems with fear and anger B. abnormal thirst and hunger D. unusual sensory experiences to. Which of the foliowing is an example of sensory interaction? A Something will taste bad if you associate it with a bad memory. What something tastes like is affected by what it iooks like. As you continue to eat the same food, the taste of it becomes less intense. What something tastes like can be affected by your expectations. 6 B. C. D. C C h ll 9 82 C C _ A. subliminai stimulation 17. You can hear words in music played backwards, especially if you know what to listen for. Which concept best explains this perception? B. unconscious motives C. perceptual set D. closure 18. Consider the research on thresholds in sensation and perception, and complete the following analogy: The classical approach is to the signal detection approach as A. discrimination is to detection l3. range is to point C. objective is to subjective D. variable is to constant 19. Which sensation principle is important for understanding the experience of taste afiereffects and visual afierimages (such as color afierimages)? A. adaptation B. retinal disparity C. interaction D. figure and ground 20. Beth had a dream in which she was being chased by a bad guy, but she could not move her legs to run away. C 21. In a 2002 study, 200 college istudents were asked what they had dreamed about recently. About half said they Use what you learned about stages of sleep to explain this. 1 A. She has a neurological problem, such as too little ACh. B. She has an unconscious wish to be attacked. C. The atonia of REM prevents acting out dreams. D. Stage 4 causes this type of dream. dreamed about sex. Why do college students dream about sex? One expert says that dream content is influenced by the content of our daytime thoughts, and it should be no surprise that college students dream about sex because sex is something that they think about during their waking hours- This expianation is most consistent with the perspective. ‘ A. Cognitive B. Biobehavioral D. Supernatural C. PSychoanalytic 22. Which of the following sequences most accurateiy shows the order of sleep stages in a typical sleep cycle? A.1*)2~}3->4->3-)2—9REM B.l~92~)3~%4—)REM-)49392~>1 C.i-)2-)394%REM~>1~)2->3-§4 D.i->2->l->2*93~%493“>REM 23. Name the part of the eye that has the highest concentration of cones. A. retina B. fovea C. lateral geniculate nucleus optic disk 24. Both psychoanalytic theory and behaviorism share the belief that A. behavior is determined by unconscious motives and drives B. behavior is determined by external factors in our environments C. people do not have much control over the things that affect their behavior D. people are rational beings who strive to achieve their greatest possible personal growth 25. Memory research on deeper levels of processing shows that students should spend less time on simple repetition and spend more time A. saying terms out loud B. using distributed practice C. working on understanding the meaning of the material D. creating a structural code for each chunk of verbal input 26. How does information get from one neuron to the next? A. the action potential moves directiy from one axon to another axon B. the action potential passes directly item the axon to the dendrite C. molecules of neurotransmitter are released into the synaptic cleft to bind with the dendrites of another neuron D. a neurotransmitter molecule is passed from one neuron to the next to travel the length of the neural pathway 27. Certain characteristics enable people to experience hypnosis. Which of the following is necessary for hypnosis? A. willingness to cooperate C. low self—esteem 13. deep relaxation D. lack of imagination "uxl 28. Research on plasticity shows that which of the following statements is FALSE? A. The human brain is fully developed by age 3. pg B. Enriching experiences cause neuron growth. C. With appropriate therapy, it is possible to recover completely from a mild to moderate stroke. I). Use it or lose it. 29. If you were using encoding specificity to improve your memory, then you would try to A. study in an environment that is similar to the environment in which you will be tested A B. focus on ways to use your declarative memory system more than the procedural memory system C. avoid source-monitoring errors by encoding the particular origin of the information D. study specific details more than general ideas 30. if you stare at a blue square and then look at a white piece of paper, you will see a yellow afierimage. This experience is best explained by A. trichrom‘atic theory I? B. context effects C. j.n.d. D. opponent process theory .31. Which of the following is an example of inadequate. semantic encoding? A. can define a brain structure but cannot draw a picture of it i B. can pronounce the name of a structure of the brain but cannot recognize the correct spelling for its name C C. can pronounce the name of a brain area but cannot give an example of what happens if it was damaged D. can recognize the structure on a drawing but cannot pronounce it 32. Some forgetting occurs due to retrieval failure. That is, the information has been put into long~tern1 memoryand it is still stored there, but we cannot bring it out when we try. Two common causes of retrieval failure are A. decay and aging C. anterograde amnesia and, retrograde amnesia B. lack of understanding and divided attention I). interference and anxiety 9 33. What effect does sleep have on encoding? A. Sleep has no effect on encoding, but it helps us to feel less fatigued. B. Sleep delays encoding because the hippocampus is not active during sleep. ' C. Sleep interferes with encoding because we don’t pay enough attention while we are asleep. D. Sleep will ordnance encoding because memory traces are consolidated while we sleep. ‘9 34. Which memory structure has a large capacity but holds information for a very short amount of time? R A. sensory memory B. long-term memory C. short—term memory C 35. Why did the chicken cross the road? Someone using the humanistic perspective might say A. In the chickcn’s past experiences, crossing the road has been followed by desirable consequences. B. It was driven by its unconscious urges. C. The chicken chose to cross the road of its own free will in order to fuifill its potential. D. Chickens have been naturally selected so that they are now genetically predisposed to cross roads. When you are done: 1. Check your answer sheet to make sure filled in your name and P11). 2. Make sure you have written Form A in the Sequence Number section as shown below. 3. Turn in this test form and your answer sheet. 4. Your score will be posted on Blackboard (not Student Central) within approximately 24 hours. 5 fl D 6 C «Fl E) C A-Nswae say Test 1 PSYC 101 (Spring 2010) FORM B Honor Pledge: On my honor, I will not cheat or help anyone else cheat. Signature: Print Your Name: Choose the best answer based on information from this class. i. 2. 3. For some people, dreams are times when they think creatively about what is going on in their lives and then use that info. later for problem solving. This is consistent with the approach. A. psychoanalytic B. cognitive C. synthetic activation D. supernatural Prior to dental surgery, Nicholas was hypnotiaed and toid that he wouid be aware of pressure but not much pain. He needed only about haif his usual amount of anesthesia. This fits the explanation of hypnosis. A. dissociation B. role~playing C. slow—wave sleep D. psychoanalytic Alcohol increases the level of in the brain which leads to many of the symptoms of drunkenness. Coffee does not sober up a drunk person because it does it not block this same neurotransmitter. A. dopamine i3. ACh C. serotonin D. GABA E. adenosine 4. In a study that showed the effect of dreaming on creativity, participants were taught a new task that required 6. creativity and then tested 8 hours later. One-third of the participants stayed awake during those 8 hours (no dreaming), 1/3 had a nap without REM (no dreaming), and 1/3 had a nap with REM (dreaming). What is the independent variable? A. napping B. dreaming C. creativity D. time What makes psychology a science? A. Use of specialized equipment and technology to record brain activity, such as MRI and EEG. B. Reliance on observation to gain new knowledge and test claims. . C. The study of biological processes that are related to behavior and mental processes. 3). The high value placed on intuition and personal anecdotes about a fiend who did something. Which of the foilowing is NOT a vaiue important in science of psychology? A. Humility B. Skepticism C. Subjectivity D. Objectivity 7. Zoe says that her boyfriend cannot commit to a long-term relationship, and she says that this is completely due to the fact that his mother did not breastfeed him when he was a baby. This form of explanation is NOT consistent with the theme that A. Behavior is determined by multiple causes. B. People’s experience of the world is highly subjective. C. Psychology evolves in a sociohistorical context. D. Psychology is empirical. 8. Many people are concerned about the effects of TV violence on children. A behaviorai psychologist who studies this issue would be most likely to ask A. What brain structures are activated by violent TV? _ B. What consequences are shown following the TV character’s violent actions? C. Does TV stimulate unconscious urges? D. In hunter~gatherer times, was it adaptive to imitate violent behavior? B. Do children think that violence is right or wrong? 9. Numerous studies have shown that people will usually see what they think they are supposed to see. This finding is most consistent with which theoretical perspective? A. Humanistic B. Behavioral C. Cognitive D. Psychoanalytic E. Evolutionary 1.0. What is an advantage of experimental research? A. it tests for cause and effect B. it is very ethical C. it is quicker and easier than correlational research D. it is natural and representative of real-life ll. Occasional insomnia is very common, and it is usually caused by B. a disease or illness A. dopamine abnormalities C. psychological problems D. stress 9 D 12. Refer to the neurons above and notice the letters over different parts. Where is the synapse? l4. Refer to the drawing on the left below. What is the function of the area marked with the number M? A. language production C. balance and coordination 9 13. language comprehension D. sensory relay 13. Refer to the drawing on the left below, and notice that there are letters next to lines pointing to specific areas of the cortex. Where is the somatosensory cortex? 15. Refer to the drawing on the right above. Notice that the end of the line numbered 15 is touching a structure in the midbrain. If this part of the brain was damaged, what problem would the person be most likely to experience? A. amnesia C. problems with fear and anger ' B. abnormal thirst and hunger D. unusual sensory experiences C 16. Which of the following is an example of sensory interaction? A. As you continue to eat the same food, the taste of it becomes less intense. D B. What something tastes like can be affected by your expectations. C. Something will taste bad if you associate it with a bad memory. D. What something tastes like is affected by what it looks like. 17. Which sensation principle is important for understanding the experience of taste aftereffects and visuai C afterimages (such as color afierimages)? A interaction B. retinal disparity I). figure and ground C. adaptation 18. Consider the research on thresholds in sensation and perception, and complete the following analogy: The classical approach is to the signal detection approach as A. objective is to subjective B. variable is to constant C. discrimination is to detection D. range is to point P3 19. You can hear words in music played backwards, especially if you know what to iisten for. Which concept best explains this perception? ' A. subliminal stimulation C,- B. unconscious motives C. perceptual set D. closure 20. Beth had a dream in which she was being chased by a bad guy, but she could not move her legs to run away. Use what you leamed. about stages of sieep to explain this. A. She has a neurological problem, such as too little ACh. B. She has an unconscious wish to be attacked. C. The atonia of REM prevents acting out dreams. I). Stage 4 causes this type of dream. C 21. In a 2002 study, 200 college students were asked what they had dreamed about recently. About half said they dreamed about sex. Why do college students dream about sex? One expert says that dream content is influenced by the content of our daytime thoughts, and it should be no surprise that coilege students dream about sex Pi because sex is something that they think about during their waking hours. This explanation is most consistent with the perspective. A. Cognitive B. Biobehaviorai C. Psychoanalytic D. Supernatural 22. Which of the following sequences most accurately shows the order of sleep stages in a typical sleep cycle? A.1~§291->2-)3—>4~}3~)REM B.l->2-)3->4~>REM*>4"939291 c.19293‘94-5REM91-h29394 D.1->2->3~>4->3->2-}RBM v 23. Certain characteristics enabie people to experience hypnosis. Which of the following is necessary for hypnosis? A. willingness to cooperate B. deep relaxation C. low selfwesteem D. lack of imagination pf . Pt 24. Both psychoanalytic theory and behaviorism share the belief that A. people do not have much control over the things that affect their behavior B. people are rational beings who strive to achieve their greatest possibie personal growth C. behavior is determined by unconscious motives and drives D. behavior is determined by external factors in our environments 25. Memory research on deeper levels of processing shows that students should spend less time on simple repetition and spend more time \ A. using distributed practice B. saying terms out loud C. creating a structural code for each chunk of verbal input D. working on understanding the meaning of the material 26. How does information get from one neuron to the next? I A. molecules of neurotransmitter are released into the synaptic clefl: to bind with the dendrites of another neuron B. the action potential moves directly from one axon to another axon C. the action potential passes directly from the axon to the dendrite D. neurotransmitter is passed fi‘orn one neuron to the next to travel the length of the neural pathway 9: 27. Name the part of the eye that has the highest concentration of cones. D A. retina B. optic disk C. lateral geniculate nucleus D. fovea 28. If you stare at a blue square and then look at a white piece of paper, you wilt see a yellow afierimage. This experience is best explained by A. j.n.d. B. opponent process theory C. trichromatic theory D. context effects 29. Research on piasticity'shows that which of the foliowing statements is FALSE? A. With appropriate therapy, it is possible to recover completely from a mild to moderate stroke. B. Use it or lose it. C. The human brain is fully developed by age 3. D. Emiching experiences cause neuron growth. 30. Which of the following is an eXample of inadequate semantic encoding? A. can define a structure but cannot draw a picture of it . B. can recognize the structure on a drawing but cannot give an example of what happens if it was damaged C. can pronounce the name for a brain structure but don’t remember how to spell it D. can recognize the structure on a drawing but cannot pronounce it h h C C 31. What effect does sleep have on encoding? A. Sleep enhances encoding because memory traces are consolidated while we sleep. B. Sleep interferes with encoding because we cannot pay attention to the material while asieep. C. Sleep has no effect on encoding, but it helps us to feei less fatigued. D. Sleep delays encoding because the hippocampus is not active during sieep. 32. Which memory structure has a large capacity but holds information for a very short amount of time? A. long—term memory B. short—term memory C. sensory memory 33. Some forgetting occurs due to retrievai failure. That is, the information has been put into long—term memory and it is stiii stored there. but we cannot bring it out when we try. Two common causes of retrieval failure are A. iack of understanding and divided attention C. interference and anxiety B. decay and aging i). anterograde amnesia and retrograde amnesia 34. If you were using encoding specificity to improve your memory, then you would try to A. study specific details more than generai ideas B. study in an environment that is sirniiar to the environment in which you will be tested C. focus on ways to use your declarative memory system more than the procedural memory system B. avoid source-monitoring errors by encoding the particuiar origin of the information E 35. Why did the chicken cross the road? Someone using the humanistic perspective might say A. In the chicken’s past experiences, crossing the road has been followed by desirahie consequences. B. It was driven by its unconscious urges. . C. The chicken chose to cross the road of its own free will in order to fulfill its potential}. D. Chickens have been naturain selected so that they are now geneticaiiy predisposed to cross roads. C When you are done: 1. Check your answer sheet to make sure iiiled in your name and PH). 2. Make sure you have written Form B in the Sequence Number section as shown below. NAME iDENTii‘iCATiGN (assumes?) "mm W m m m mm tensions“ .TiT—l—[Eiii iii Elli H “OOOOQOOOOOOOOOOGD @®®®@®®@®@®®®®® 1 O Printed in ii @®®@®@®@®®®®®®®®5 £®©©©©©©©©©©©©©© 3 ‘ some @@-_ Turn in this test form and your answer sheet. Your score will he posted on Blackboard {not Student Central) within approximately 24 hours. PE” ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Loeb during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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Test1AnswerKeySpr10 - yin/swan. Kay Test 1 , PSYC 101...

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