101_F2009_Exam 3 REVIEW GUIDE

101_F2009_Exam 3 REVIEW GUIDE - 44 Multiple Choice...

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44 Multiple Choice Questions ~16 Qs from Chapter 10 (Human development) ~14 Qs from Chapter 11 (Personality) Please remember to bring: 1) SCANTRON and 2) #2 PENCIL. [email protected] What is the difference between a drive and an incentive? How are they involved with propelling a person to do something? What are examples of drives? Examples of incentives? -A drive is a hypothetical, internal state of tension that motivates an organism to engage in activities that should reduce tension while an incentive is an external goal that has the capacity to motivate behavior. Push verse pull theory, drive pushes us to do something while incentives pull us in certain directions. Hunger is a drive example while a monetary prize is an incentive. In relation to sex, what are the different phases of sex and how are they characterized? I will describe a stage of sex and ask you to identify it. - Excitement stage –physical arousal escalates, Vasocongestion – engorgement of blood vessels, plateau phase – arousal continues to build, orgasm – sexual arousal peaks , resolution phase – physiological changes produced during sexual arousal gradual subside, refractory period – time following orgasm when males are unresponsive to further stimulation What factors are involved with sexual behavior????? What is the parental investment theory and how do they explain differences in sexual behavior between males vs. females? Is there research support for their predictions? -Parental investment theory refers to what each sex invests in terms of time, energy, survival risk and forgone opportunities to produce and nurture offspring. Males have a lot less at stake. What factors are involved with giving rise to homosexual orientation? Is it the same between females and males who have a homosexual orientation? -Environment factors-male is likely to become gay if raised by weak father figure or predominantly women, extremely feminine behavior in boys and masculine behavior in girls is a predictive , Biological Factors-twin studies, abnormally high androgen levels during prenatal development affect homosexuality with women, orientation more plastic with women, women are less likely to trace homosexuality back to childhood What environmental/psychological factors are involved with eating? How do they influence eating? -3 main environmental factors involved in eating – 1. The availability and palatability of food -- people like tasty food, people tend to consume what is in front of them and people eat more when there is a greater variety (sensory-specific satiety – the incentive value of food declines as you eat a specific food), 2. Learned preferences and habits – observational and classical conditioning learning, and 3. Stress-negative emotions cause people to eat more because they expect the enjoyable treats to make them feel better
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What biological factors are involved with eating? Which increase eating? Which decrease eating? -Brain regulation, glucose and digestive regulation and hormonal regulation affect eating.
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101_F2009_Exam 3 REVIEW GUIDE - 44 Multiple Choice...

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