Chapter 15 Outline

Chapter 15 Outline - Chapter 15 Outline Social Behavior...

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Chapter 15 Outline – Social Behavior Alec Rubenstein Social Psychology – branch of psychology concerned with the way individuals’ thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by others. Person perception Attribution processes Interpersonal Attraction Attitudes Conformity and Obedience Behavior in Groups A. Person Perception – Forming Impressions of Others a. Physical Appearance – Humans are shallow b. Cognitive Schemas b.i. Social Schemas – organized clusters of ideas about categories of social events an dpeople c. Stereotypes – widely held beliefs that people have certain characteristics because of their membership in a particular group d. Subjectivity in Person Perception d.i. Illusory Correlation – when people estimate that they have encountered more confirmations of an association between social traits than they have actually seen e. Evolutionary Perspective on Bias in Personal Perception e.i. Ingroup – group that one belongs to an identifies with e.ii. Outgroup – group that one does not belong to or identify with B. Attribution Processes – Explaining Behavior a.i. Attributions are inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others’ behavior, and their own behavior a. Internal versus External Attributions a. Internal attributions – acribe the causes of behavior to personal dispositions, traits, abilities, and feelings b. External attributions – ascribe the causes of behavior to situational demands and environmental constraints b. Attributions for success and failure c. Bias in Attribution – represent guesswork, causes of one’s own behavior d. Actor-Observer Bias a. Fundamental Attribution Error refers to observers’ bias in favor of internal attribution in explaining others’ behavior b. Self-Servicing Bias – tendency to attribute one’s successes to personal factors and one’s failures to situational (external) factors e. Culture and Attributions a. Individualism – involves putting personal goals ahead of group goals and
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Loeb during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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Chapter 15 Outline - Chapter 15 Outline Social Behavior...

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