Psyc 101 - StudyGuideFinal

Psyc 101 - StudyGuideFinal - PSYC 101 Study Guide for Final...

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PSYC 101 Study Guide for Final Exam This study guide includes the key terms that you need to know for the final exam. Use your class notes, lecture outlines, and the relevant sections of your textbook to complete this study guide. If you have a thorough, detailed understanding of the material on this study guide, then you will be well prepared for the final exam. 1. List and explain the seven themes presented in class and chapter 1. How can the values presented at the beginning of the semester be related to some of these themes? a. Psychology is empirical -based on observation and evidence based decision making process (show me the evidence) b. Psychology is theoretically diverse c. Psychology evolves in a socio-historical context, (still look at reality and changes as time passes) d. Behavior is determined by multiple causes e. Behavior is shaped by culture f. Hereditary and environmentally influences jointly influence behavior (nature vs. nurture: never one always both) g. People’s experience of the world is highly subjective , everyone is different, psych not just external world, but also individual response 2. Compare and contrast the six theoretical perspectives covered in class and chapter 1. That is, identify ways in which some perspectives are similar and identify the key differences among them. a. Psychoanalytical: Freud based, motivated by unconscious motives, forces make us do things, urges for sex, aggression and pessimistic, internal b. Behavioral: observable behavior, environmental influences, looking at actions then causes, document behavior, gathers evidence in environment, reason you do things is outside of you, not in control, external c. Cognitive: conscious thoughts , beliefs, expectations, behavior due to impact of mind , difference in beliefs causes difference experiences, internal, optimistic
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d. Humanistic: most optimistic , self-concept: humans WANT , have a DESIRE to become better (through growth and learning), FREE WILL , Freud would completely disagree, internal e. Biological: neutral, internal (obviously: inside of you), focuses on impact of hormones (testosterone, estrogen, dopamine, acetylcholine, etc.) f. Evolutionary: external and internal influences, natural selection, Darwinism, adaptation , optimistic 3. Compare and contrast correlational research and experimental research. Experiment looks at independent variable and dependent variable Correlational looks at cause and effect 4. Define and give examples of: Placebo, independent variable, dependent variable, correlation coefficient 5. Draw a neuron, label each structure, and explain how one neuron communicates with another neuron. 6. Make a sketch of the brain to show these areas: Cerebellum, pons, medulla, reticular formation, amygdala, hippocampus, thalamus, hypothalamus, corpus callosum. Also list the primary functions of each of these structures. a.
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Psyc 101 - StudyGuideFinal - PSYC 101 Study Guide for Final...

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