Review Guide Final

Review Guide Final - FINAL PSYCHOLOGY 101 SPRING 2009...

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FINAL – PSYCHOLOGY 101 – SPRING, 2009 – REVIEW SHEET Dear class: The final examination will be on chapters 11, 13 and 14, and will be held on Wednesday, April 29 th at 8:00am (in our regular classroom). The review sheet highlights the topics that you should focus on. Any material that I covered in class is also fair game. As with the first three exams, the format will be multiple choice. Katy, Clare and I really enjoyed working with you this past semester and we wish you all the best in the future. Good luck on the exam! Chapter 11 – Personality 1. Psychodynamic theory: id, ego, and superego, the psychosexual stages, fixation, know all the defense mechanisms covered in the book and class, and know the criticisms of psychodynamic theory Psychodynamic theories- All the diverse theories descended from the work of Sigmund Freud that focus on unconscious mental forces. ID- Primitive, instinctive component of personality that operates according to the pleasure principle. (Reservoir of psychic energy) Houses raw biological urges like sleeping and eating. Ego- Decision-making component of personality that operates according to the reality principle. The ego considers social realities. It mediates between the id and the social world Superego- Moral component of personality that incorporates social standards about what represents right and wrong Psychosexual stages- They are developmental periods with a characteristic sexual focus that leave their mark on adult personality Oral- Ages 0-1 enjoys sucking and biting through weaning Anal- Ages 2-3 are toilet trained and have an erotic anus Phallic- Ages 4-5 have an erotic focus on the genitals and begin to identify with adult role models and face Oedipal urges Latency- Ages 6-12 have no erotic focus and are expanding social contacts Genital- PUBERTY. The erotic focus is again on the genital and we become intimate and contribute to society through working. Fixation- a failure to move forward from one stage to another as expected Repression- Keeping distressing thoughts and feelings buried in the unconscious Projection- attributing one’s own thoughts, feeling, or motives to another. Displacement- Diverting emotional feelings (usually anger) from their original source to a substitute target. Reaction formation- Behaving in a way that’s exactly the opposite of one’s true feelings. Regression- Reversion to immature patterns of behavior. Rationalization- Creating false but plausible excuses to justify unacceptable behavior Identification- Bolstering self-esteem by forming an imaginary or real alliance with some person or group Psychodynamic theory CRITICISM Poor testability- psychodynamic ideas are too vague and conjectural to permit a clear scientific test. Cant prove that the ID is entirely unconscious Inadequate evidence- There is only modest support from the evidence Sexism- People say the studies are sexist against women 2. Know the levels of consciousness Conscious- Consists of whatever one is aware of at a particular point in time
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Review Guide Final - FINAL PSYCHOLOGY 101 SPRING 2009...

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