Review Guide third test

Review Guide third test - EXAM #3 PSYCHOLOGY 101 SPRING,...

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EXAM #3 – PSYCHOLOGY 101 – SPRING, 2009 – REVIEW SHEET (there will be 50 questions total; exercises and film clips shown in class are fair game) Chapter 7 - Memory 1. Basic memory processes (encoding, storage, and retrieval) Encoding-getting information into the memory Attention- involves focusing awareness on a narrowed range of stimuli or events (enhances encoding). Divided attention can have a negative impact on the performance of other tasks Levels-of-processing theory- deeper levels of processing result in longer-lasting memory codes. Structural (shallow), phonemic (intermediate), and semantic (deep). Elaboration is linking a stimulus to other info at the time of encoding Visual imagery creates visual images to represent the words to be remembered Storage- maintaining encoded information in memory over time Sensory memory preserves information in its original sensory form for a brief time, usually only a fraction of a second. Iconic- Visual short-term sensory buffer, allowing time for sensory information to be recoded in a more permanent, categorical manner Echoic- Auditory sensory memory Short-term memory- limited capacity store that can maintain unrehearsed information for up to about 20 seconds. Baddeley’s model of working memory consists of four components Phonological loop-recitation to hold on to a phone number Visuospatial sketchpad- permits people to temporarily hold and manipulate visual images. At work when you mentally try to rearrange furniture in your bedroom Central Executive system- controls the deployment of attention. Switches and divides attention as need Episodic Buffer- a temporary, limited capacity store that allows the various components of working memory to integrate information and serves as an interface between working memory and long term memory Rehearsal-repetitively verbalizing or thinking about information…recite a phone number over and over again Chunk-group of familiar stimuli IBM FBI and so on Long-term memory- unlimited capacity store that can hold information over lengthy periods of time Flashbulb memories are unusually vivid and detailed recollections of momentous events Schema- organized cluster of knowledge about a particular object or event abstracted from previous experience with the object or event Semantic networks- nodes representing concepts, joined together by pathways that link related concepts. Spreading activation- When people think about a word, their thoughts go to related
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Review Guide third test - EXAM #3 PSYCHOLOGY 101 SPRING,...

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