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Unformatted text preview: Assertiveness behavior intended to express dominance or confidence Indirect aggression attempt to hurt another without obvious face to face conflict o Spreading a rumor that your ex has an STD Direct aggression behavior intended to hurt someone to his or her face o Physical spousal abuse Emotional aggression hurtful behavior that stems from angry feelings o A child throwing a tantrum after mom refuses to buy candy Instrumental aggression- hurting another to accomplish another (non-aggressive) goal o A mother spanks a child to discourage child from repeating a tantrum Theories of Aggression o Freudian theory We have an instinct to be aggressive (Thanatos vs. Eros) Aggression is cathartic Hydraulic theory pressure builds up so much that the steam has to be let off Criticisms No empirical support Catharsis tends to increase aggression...
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- Fall '08