Theme 4

Theme 4 - Ex what causes men to be more aggressive than...

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Theme 4: Need to belong Acceptance, intimacy, group membership o Distinctions What isn’t social psyc? Sociology – although there is overlap o Major difference: individual construal Philosophy o Major difference: social psychology is empirically-based Personality psychology o Major difference: social psychology looks beyond individual differences – the power of the situation/ the power of social influence – how are external factors influencing one’s behavior o Kurt Lewin: B=f(P, E) behavior is a function of personality and environment Clinical psychology Methods 4 goals of research o Description – careful and systematic descriptions of social behavior help make reliable generalizations about how people act in various social settings Ex: are men more aggressive than women? o Causal analysis – establishing relationships between cause and effect
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Unformatted text preview: Ex: what causes men to be more aggressive than women o Theory building – helps us organize knowledge about social behavior, as well as suggest new predictions that can be tested Ex: violence in the media causes men to be more aggressive than women o Application – social psychological knowledge can help to solve every day social problems • Bias o Hindsight bias – “I knew it all along” • Scientific method o State the problem/question o Generate a hypothesis Hypotheses come from existing theories or data, observation, personal experience o Test the hypothesis Observational methods • Describe the world as it is • Types o Case studies Watson and Little Albert o Archival data Newspapers, old polls o Participant observation (ethnography) Anthropologists...
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course PSYC 260 taught by Professor Traceycallison during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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Theme 4 - Ex what causes men to be more aggressive than...

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