crime - Kevin Chaney Deviance and crime occur in every...

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Kevin Chaney Deviance and crime occur in every society worldwide and has become an increasingly large topic of interest in sociology. Sociologists and criminologists have developed many different ideas and theories of why people become deviant and engage in criminal activity. The theories each focus on different aspects of society and community to offer plausible explanations to the question. The theories by themselves only concentrate on one specific angle of the question, but when we take into account all that each theory has to offer, we will have a more accurate and complete answer to the question as a whole. Each theory attempts to explain people’s varying attachments to society, how these bonds help shape their beliefs, and how these beliefs influence their behavior. Functionalists use the strain theory to give us insight to how people’s reactions to their own bonds to society can promote deviance and crime. According to the theory, in society there are structural strains between the “culturally prescribed goals of the social system and the socially approved means of attaining these goals” that produce deviance. Structural strain can lead to deviance depending on how the individuals respond to the strain. When someone accepts the goals of society but rejects the conventional means of attaining them, they are said to be an innovator. When individuals have this belief, some tend to engage in crime. For example, a teenager may accept the goal of attaining material success but may reject the idea of getting a job and turn to stealing to obtain his
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crime - Kevin Chaney Deviance and crime occur in every...

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