03_SkillLearning - Savant Learning Talent& Learning The...

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Unformatted text preview: Savant Learning Talent & Learning The existence of talent challenges the declarative-to-autonomous model of skill acquisition Apparently, declarative knowledge is a useful, but not always necessary stage of procedural learning Nadia’s Art 1 Nadia’s Art 2 Nadia Nadia was a three-year old autistic child with little language who suddenly evinced an unprecedented drawing ability Nadia drew rapidly and creatively. She had perfect control, so she never had to correct When she became older and more social, Nadia stopped drawing spontaneously Lack of Relation between Artistic and other Abilities Nadia and Stephen were severely impaired Louis Pasteur was a poor student Leonardo Da Vinci and Galileo appear to have been outstanding at everything Lack of Relation between Musical and other Abilities Rex was autistic and severely impaired Julius Rudel (famous conductor of NYC opera) was dyslexic Cole Porter (composer) went to Yale Talent Specific artistic and musical abilities appear to be unrelated to general intelligence. A few autistic and retarded individuals have outstanding artistic and musical abilities. However, individuals of average and above average intelligence may also have outstanding talents Serial Learning The Importance of Order in Life Examples A phone number is not just a set of numbers but a precise sequence that must be executed in its exact order Similarly, order is important for many tasks, e.g. washing, dressing, cooking If the same order occurs repeatedly, it is useful to retain that episodic description over a long period of time How is Order Encoded? Is it encoded as a temporal pattern of perceptible events? Instrumental memory Or is it encoded as a sequence of actions? Habit memory Purpose of Serial Reaction Time Task (SRT) A serial reaction time task (SRT) is used to study how order is learned and preserved. The Task Stimuli are successively presented on a computer screen while participants are required to respond as quickly as possible with assigned response keys....
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This note was uploaded on 11/28/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 830:303 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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03_SkillLearning - Savant Learning Talent& Learning The...

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