{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

R14.1++Instruction+and+Study

R14.1++Instruction+and+Study - The Effect of Recall on...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Effect of Recall on Retention Since learning is a consequence of voluntary action, actively generating the study material should result in better memory for it than just studying it through an automatic process like reading. Students studied a passage for seven minutes. Then either the restudied the passage (Study Study) or attempted to recall it (without feedback) (Study Test). They again attempted to recall the passage 5 minutes, 2 days or 1 week later. In a second experiment, to learn a passage, students studied the passage four times and recalled it zero times (SSSS), studied the passage three times and recalled it once (SSST) or studied the passage one time and recalled it three times (SSST). They again attempted to recall the passage 5 minutes or 1 week later. Increased study increased immediate retention but has no effect on long-term retention. Successive recall attempts had no effect on immediate retention but reduced forgetting, thus increasing long-term retention. The Effect of a Question Repetition on Retention After two weeks, the habit system controls retention. In order for a robust copy of a study item to be constructed in the habit system, a second presentation of it is necessary to mark it as routine rather than unique. So a single presentation of a question should not result in its long-term retention. However, a repetition of the question as a separate event should mark it as routine and active the habit system, thus resulting in its long-term retention. Before the unit exam, students answered some exam questions both online and in class (Both) online before class (On Line), in class (In-Class) or not at all (Neither). The exam questions were repeated on the final exam.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern