R14.1++Instruction+and+Study - The Effect of Recall on...

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The Effect of Recall on Retention Since learning is a consequence of voluntary action, actively generating the study material should result in better memory for it than just studying it through an automatic process like reading. Students studied a passage for seven minutes. Then either the restudied the passage (Study Study) or attempted to recall it (without feedback) (Study Test). They again attempted to recall the passage 5 minutes, 2 days or 1 week later. In a second experiment, to learn a passage, students studied the passage four times and recalled it zero times (SSSS), studied the passage three times and recalled it once (SSST) or studied the passage one time and recalled it three times (SSST). They again attempted to recall the passage 5 minutes or 1 week later. Increased study increased immediate retention but has no effect on long-term retention. Successive recall attempts had no effect on immediate retention but reduced forgetting, thus increasing long-term retention. The Effect of a Question Repetition on Retention After two weeks, the habit system controls retention. In order for a robust copy of a study item to be constructed in the habit system, a second presentation of it is necessary to mark it as routine rather than unique. So a single presentation of a question should not result in its long-term retention. However, a repetition of the question as a separate event should mark it as routine and active the habit system, thus resulting in its long-term retention. Before the unit exam, students answered some exam questions both online and in class (Both) online before class (On Line), in class (In-Class) or not at all (Neither). The exam questions were repeated on the final exam. Answering a question once before the exam increased performance on the unit exam compared
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This note was uploaded on 11/28/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 830:303 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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R14.1++Instruction+and+Study - The Effect of Recall on...

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