103 Lecture 11 - Geographies of Agriculture II Globalizing Agro-Food Systems Geography 103 13 October 2011 Agro-food Systems The set of activities

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Geographies of Agriculture II: Globalizing Agro-Food Systems Geography 103 13 October, 2011
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Agro-food Systems “The set of activities and relationships that interact to determine what, how much, by what methods and for whom food is produced and distributed” (OECD) The production of food is about so much more than just agriculture itself—involves relationships across society Inputs from upstream industries : sites of industrial production, petrochemical and fuel production, banking centers, and universities
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Globalizing Food These systems are increasingly stretched Food industry increasingly controlled by large, multi-national corporations Long-distance export of food 1980-2002: world trade in broilers (chickens) increased 500% 46% of broilers consumed worldwide produced in the USA
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“Botanical Colonialism” A major component of colonialism was to move commercially viable plants and animals away from their places of domestication to colonized places Produced in plantation systems with forced or cheap labor Distant from their traditional pests
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Transplants become staples… Chilies from Americas to India Potatoes from S. America to Britain, Tomatoes Rice from West Africa to Latin America Maize, Beans , & Squash from Americas to Coffee from Africa to South America
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The Foods We Eat Of the thousands of edible plants and animals in the world, only a few provide almost all our food A legacy bequeathed by colonialism & intensified by corporate agro- 7-6
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In a world of surplus food, some 840 million people don’t have enough to eat due to problems with food availability . Although the amount of food has
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This note was uploaded on 11/28/2011 for the course GEOGRAPHY 450:103 taught by Professor Andrucki during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

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103 Lecture 11 - Geographies of Agriculture II Globalizing Agro-Food Systems Geography 103 13 October 2011 Agro-food Systems The set of activities

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