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103+Lecture+16 - Urban GGeography 103 I eography 31 October...

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Urban Geography I Geography 103 31 October, 2011
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Definitions Urban Geography : The geographical study of urban spaces and urban ways of being “The city can be regarded as a tangible, built environment – an environment which is a social product” (David Harvey, 1973) City : an urban demographic, economic and above all political and jurisdictional unit, usually bigger than a town
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Definitions of “Urban” Common terms such as town, commune, city, and metropolis are culturally defined and vary widely Definitions of “urban” vary across the world Norway: 200 USA: 2,500 Malaysia: 10,000 Syria: 20,000
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Cities Cities are large integrated labor markets Site of manufacturing, commerce, finance, services, creative industries Cities as sites of consumption Sites of face to face contact enabling sophisticated, diverse economies
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The Urban World 5% of the world’s land area >50% of world’s population is now urban Close link with development: in developed countries 70-80% live in cities The 1 billion of us who live in developed world cities consume 2/3 of the world’s annual output of natural resources By 2025 2/3 of humanity will live in cities
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Agricultural Surplus Agricultural surplus freed up resources not everyone had to farm Stratified social system: Division of labor Administrative Centers : Site of central authority to administer surplus Cities arose in 6 hearths 4500BC: Mesoamerica, Andes, Nile Valley,
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Site vs. Situation Site : the local setting of a city
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