103+Lecture+18 - Geographies of Geography 103 Language 10...

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Geographies of Language Geography 103 10 November, 2011
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Language The essence of culture? A mutually-agreed upon human system of complex symbolic communication The means through which culture is transmitted Auditory or visual : sign languages 3-6000 languages inexistence
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Language families : groups of related languages with common ancestors Indo-European Family : Largest & most widely- spoken language family
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Distribution of Language Families
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Most Widely-Spoken Languages
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Language Variations " A language is a dialect with an army and navy, ” Max Weinreich, 1945, in reference to Yiddish Dialect : a distinctive local or regional variant of a language including pronunciations, vocabulary, usage Remains mutually intelligible with other dialects Accents : refers to distinctions of pronunciation
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Formal Regions: American Dialects
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Monolingual : a person who speaks only one language Bilingualism : geographic presence of two languages eg Montreal
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103+Lecture+18 - Geographies of Geography 103 Language 10...

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