Fostering+Early+Literacy+Skills

Fostering+Early+Literacy+Skills -...

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Fostering Early Literacy Skills Fostering Early Literacy Skills
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Early Literacy: From Spoken to Written  Language Requires  symbolic  understanding Must be able to think of writing as a graphic symbol system Learn the conventions of this new symbolic system
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Early Symbol Understanding Symbolic understanding begins with: Language use Pretend play Drawing These all depend on  representational competence Understanding that something (a sound, an objects, a written mark) can  represent  or serve as a symbol for  something else More on representational competence and drawing next month
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What goes into learning how to  read and write? To understand the symbolic relationship between written and spoken  words, children must be able to: Identify a set of letter symbols  Analyze aural language (what they hear) into phonetic units (phonemes) Memorize the arbitrary relationships between phonemes and letter symbols Understand how letters can represent different sounds in different word  contexts gh ost and lau gh c ake and fa c e c a ke and c a t l e g and l e ap and hom e a te and  eigh t r ough  and fl uff
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Stages in Learning How to Read  (Chall, 1983) Stage 0 - Prereading: Birth to Age 6 Children may acquire some knowledge about some properties of words  How to identify starting and ending sounds Rhyming But preschool children are generally not able to scan alphabetic print and  understand what it says
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Stage 1 – Decoding: Grades 1-2 (Ages 6-7) Learn the alphabet and  decode  how letters correspond to the sounds of spoken  language Learning one s ABCs is not enough Must understand that letters represent  parts of words Requires thinking about words in a different way Metalinguistic understanding Thinking about  language; reflecting on the nature of words and how they are  constructed Requires a great deal of memorization
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Stage 2 – Fluency in Decoding: Grades 2-3 (Ages 7-8) The reading process becomes more rapid and fluent Children become  unglued  from print They no longer read letter by letter, word by word
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