chapter_1 - Chapter 1 Educational Psychology and Reflective...

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Chapter 1 Educational Psychology and Reflective Practice Themes of the Chapter Learning how to understand learners and to promote their learning helps teachers feel more comfortable and successful. Students are diverse and some have special needs Theory and research play major roles in educational psychology and reflective practice
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Overview of Educational Psychology “The scientific study of psychology in education” What teachers do How students learn How teachers can help students learn
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Critical Thinking To be able to tell fact from opinion To see holes in an argument To spot illogic To evaluate evidence To tell whether or not cause and effect have been established
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Educational Psychology and Critical Thinking Provide objective, data-based evidence from research Challenge our subjective ways of knowing Use research to make decisions about the practice of teaching
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Learning A relatively permanent change in behavior or knowledge as a result of experience Depends on many factors: the quality of instruction student motivation student engagement student’s developmental readiness to learn
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Teaching One person’s interpersonal effort to help others acquire knowledge, develop skill, and realize their potential
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What Expert Teachers Know Broad and deep subject matter knowledge How-to instructional strategies Knowledge about learning environments Knowledge about educational materials
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Concerns of Beginning Teachers Classroom discipline Motivating students Special needs Assessment and grading
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Teaching Efficacy A teacher’s judgment of, or confidence in, his or her capacity to cope with the teaching situation in ways that bring about desired outcomes Beginning teachers generally have lower teaching efficacy than do veteran teachers
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This note was uploaded on 11/28/2011 for the course EDUCATION 300:306 at Rutgers.

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chapter_1 - Chapter 1 Educational Psychology and Reflective...

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