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chapter_10 - Chapter 10 Learning from Peers Themes of the...

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Themes of the chapter Perspectives on peer learning Tutoring Learning in heterogeneous groups Collaboration and technology Influences on effectiveness in heterogeneous groups Learning from peers: practices for learning Chapter 10 Learning from Peers
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How do various theoretical perspectives describe the means by which students can learn from peers? How effective is tutoring? What processes are involved? What do teachers need to consider when having students work in larger groups? What kinds of tasks are suitable for groups of students? Guiding Questions
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What is the role of the teacher when using a peer learning strategy? Do diverse learners benefit from peer learning? Can peer learning be used effectively with students who have special needs? Guiding Questions (cont’d)
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Interdependence – condition in which group members’ goal accomplishments are linked together Goal structure – the manner in which students relate to others who are also working toward a particular goal Perspectives on Peer Learning
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Negative interdependence – a condition that exists when, in order for one person to succeed in accomplishing his or her goals, others must fail to meet their goals Positive interdependence – a condition that exists when the success of each individual depends on all group members being successful Perspectives on Peer Learning (cont’d)
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Achievement gains More successful than individual learning More successful than competition among peers Individualistic learning and competitive learning produce similar results Outcomes of Cooperative Learning
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