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chapter+6 - Chapter 6 Behavioral Learning Theory Themes of...

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Chapter 6 Behavioral Learning Theory Themes of the chapter Students can learn the behaviors, skills, and self-regulatory abilities they need to function well in school and in life A behavioral approach to learning serves as a foundation for understanding and discussing how to increase the frequency of desirable behaviors in students and decrease undesirable behaviors
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Guiding Questions How do teachers who adhere to behavioral, cognitive, and sociocultural approaches describe learning? What kinds of learning can be described by behavioral learning theory? How do different forms of reinforcement affect behavior and performance? (See next slide for more questions)
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Guiding Questions (continued) How can teachers increase the frequency of desirable behaviors and decrease that of undesirable behaviors? How can teachers help students learn self-management? (See next slide for more questions)
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Guiding Questions (continued) How can teachers use behavioral learning principles in instruction? How might teachers use behavioral learning theory with diverse learners and learners with special needs? What are some limitations of behavioral learning theory?
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Learning Learning – a relatively permanent change in behavior or knowledge as a function of experience Environment Individual Behavior
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Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sociocultural Viewpoints Behavioral – environment/behavior The environment strongly influences behavior Cognitive – individual Interpretation of stimuli in the environment may vary by individual Sociocultural – environment/ behavior Influence of environment on behavior of individuals (includes history of practice and expertise in the community)
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Behavioral Learning Theory
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Principles of Behavioral Learning Theory Contiguity – a condition in which two events occur at the same time Associative learning
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Mutual Influence http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I5ALIL7T764
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Operant Learning Actions by a learner, the consequences of which influence further behavior
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Law of Effect The probability of repeating an action is  dependent upon the consequences of that  action When good things follow a behavior  (reinforcement), the behavior is likely to be  repeated When bad things follow a behavior  (punishment), the behavior is less likely to be  repeated
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Types of Consequences Positive consequences Good things happen  (Positive reinforcement) Bad things are taken away ( Negative  reinforcement) Negative consequences
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