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Lecture+4 - Organization I Beautiful minds II Biased minds...

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I. Beautiful minds Organization _____________________________ II. Biased minds IV. Looking inside the mind III. Talking heads V. Anatomy of a cognitive theory VI. Evolving minds
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I. Beautiful minds Previously _____________________________ Scientific thinking ‘Everyday’ thinking
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The point in a nutshell Outline _____________________________ Historical underpinnings 6 categories of mistakes we make The modern approach
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The point in a nutshell Outline _____________________________ Historical underpinnings 6 categories of mistakes we make The modern approach
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Science and technology _______________________________________________________
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Man as a thinking creature _______________________________________________________ “I think therefore I am” - Descartes Man as a rational animal - Aristotle Rodin’s thinker
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And yet … _______________________________________________________ In spite of all those great achievements, virtually all of us routinely fall pray to flawed thinking … And virtually all of us are unaware of this extremely important fact …
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These flaws manifest themselves _______________________________________________________ In the way we form beliefs In the way we make judgments In the way we reason In the way we make decisions They affect virtually all aspects of our lives!
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Of critical importance to our species _______________________________________________________
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A rational animal? _______________________________________________________ “It has been said that man is a rational animal. All my life I have been searching for evidence which could support this.” Bertrand Russell
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6 basic mistakes _____________________________ We prefer stories to statistics We seek to confirm, not to question, our ideas We sometimes misperceive the world around us We tend to oversimplify our thinking We overestimate the reliability of our memories We underestimate the role of chance and coincidence in shaping events
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Interesting books _______________________________________________________
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Interesting books _______________________________________________________
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Interesting books _______________________________________________________
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The point in a nutshell Outline _____________________________ Historical underpinnings 6 categories of mistakes we make The modern approach
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Interesting books
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Omar Khayyám (1048-1122) Into this universe, and why not knowing Nor whence, like water willy-nilly flowing; And out of it, as wind along the waste, I know not whither, willy-nilly blowing We are pattern-seekers And sometimes the patterns we see are real, and sometimes not …
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The point This is a very simple pattern and a simple question, and yet, the answer is not transparently forthcoming … So imagine what happens when you look at the real world …
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